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Wordom is a versatile, user-friendly, and efficient program for manipulation and analysis of molecular structures and dynamics. The following new analysis modules have been added since the publication of the original Wordom paper in 2007: assignment of secondary structure, calculation of solvent accessible surfaces, elastic network model, motion cross(More)
Photoreceptor cells finely adjust their sensitivity and electrical response according to changes in light stimuli as a direct consequence of the feedback and regulation mechanisms in the phototransduction cascade. In this study, we employed a systems biology approach to develop a dynamic model of vertebrate rod phototransduction that accounts for the(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy is a maternally inherited blinding disease caused as a result of homoplasmic point mutations in complex I subunit genes of mitochondrial DNA. It is characterized by incomplete penetrance, as only some mutation carriers become affected. Thus, the mitochondrial DNA mutation is necessary but not sufficient to cause optic(More)
A stably-transfected, Drosophila cell line (S2-DMl-1) expressing the Drosophila DMl muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) exhibits high-affinity, saturable, specific binding of the radiolabelled muscarinic antagonist [3H]-N-methyl scopolamine ([3H]-NMS) with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 0.67 +/- 0.02 and a Bmax of 1.53 +/- 0.3 pmol/mg(More)
Disease-causing missense mutations in membrane proteins, such as rhodopsin mutations associated with the autosomal dominant form of retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP), are often linked to defects in folding and/or trafficking. The mechanical unfolding of wild-type rhodopsin was compared with that of 20 selected ADRP-linked mutants more or less defective in folding(More)
Both Reelin and Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) exert crucial roles in retinal development. Retinogenesis is severely impaired in E-reeler mice, a model of Reelin deficiency showing specific Green Fluorescent Protein expression in Rod Bipolar Cells (RBCs). Since no data are available on Reelin and NGF cross-talk, NGF and trkA(NGFR)/ p75(NTR) expression was(More)
The Ras superfamily comprises many guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) that are essential to intracellular signal transduction. The guanine nucleotide-dependent intrinsic flexibility patterns of five G proteins were investigated in atomic detail through Molecular Dynamics simulations of the GDP- and GTP-bound states (S(GDP) and S(GTP),(More)
The electrostatic and shape complementarities between the crystal structures of dark rhodopsin and heterotrimeric transducin (Gt) have been evaluated by exhaustively sampling the roto-translational space of one protein with respect to the other. Structural complementarity, reliability, and consistency with in vitro evidence all converge in the same(More)
Although it is now widely accepted that G-protein-coupled receptors exist in at least two allosteric states, inactive and active, and that the spontaneous equilibrium between the two is regulated by various events including the binding of specific agonists and antagonists, the molecular counterparts of these functionally different states are still poorly(More)
In this computational study, we have investigated the implications of rhodopsin (Rho) oligomerization in transducin (Gt) recognition. The results of docking simulations between heterotrimeric Gt and monomeric, dimeric and tetrameric inactive Rho corroborate the hypothesis that Rho and Gt can be found coupled already in the dark. Moreover, our extensive(More)