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Chromosomal aneuploidy, the gain or loss of whole chromosomes, is a hallmark of pathological conditions and a causal factor of birth defects and cancer. A number of studies indicate that aneuploid cells are present at a high frequency in the brain of mice and humans, suggesting that mosaic aneuploidies are compatible with normal brain function and prompting(More)
UNLABELLED A large portion of hepatocytes are polyploid cells, thought to arise through endoduplication followed by aborted cytokinesis. However, several recent reports describing liver cell fusion with exogenously derived bone marrow cells have been published. The exact significance of this finding is unclear, because the adopted protocols involve ablation(More)
Polyploidization is the most well recognized feature of the liver. Yet, a quantitative and behavioral analysis of centrosomes and DNA content in normal hepatocytes has been limited by the technical challenges of methods available. By using a novel approach employing FISH for chromosomes 18, X and Y we provide, for the first time, a detailed analysis of DNA(More)
Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) is a paradigm for genetic diseases that cause severe, often irreversible, defects before birth. In ARO, osteoclasts cannot remove mineralized cartilage, bone marrow is severely reduced, and bone cannot be remodeled for growth. More than 50% of the patients show defects in the osteoclastic vacuolar-proton-pump subunit,(More)
Mechanisms that govern genome integrity and stability are major guarantors of viability and longevity. As people age, memory and the ability to carry out tasks often decline and their risk for neurodegenerative diseases increases. The biological mechanisms underlying this age-related neuronal decline are not well understood. Genome instability has been(More)
Cationic liposomes formulated with neutral 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and cationic gemini surfactants were used for transfecting different cell lines with a reporter gene. The efficiency in the transfection has been correlated to the high extent of DNA condensation observed by circular dichroism, condensation shown to depend heavily on the(More)
FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) is a molecular cytogenetic technique established in the early 1980s that allows for the detection of DNA copy number changes (gains and losses) mapping to genomic regions of interest (Langer-Safer et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 79:4381-4385, 1982). This technology has been extensively applied to research-based(More)
Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is a human bone disease mainly caused by TCIRG1 gene mutations that prevent osteoclasts resorbing activity, recapitulated by the oc/oc mouse model. Bone marrow transplantation is the only available treatment, limited by the need for a matched donor. The use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) as an unlimited source of(More)
The inclusion of poly(ethylene glycol) monolaurate in liposomes formulated with dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and certain cationic gemini surfactants improves their capability of condensing DNA into a psi phase and transfecting it into cells. Both the condensation, observed by circular dichroism, and the transfection efficiency are strongly(More)
The condensation of calf thymus DNA into the cholesteric-like psi-phase was observed by circular dichroism in liposome suspensions formulated with specific cationic gemini surfactants. The stereochemistry of the gemini spacer, the presence of specific functional groups, and the covalent link between the headgroups are fundamental issues in the condensation(More)