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Non-Technical Abstract This paper provides an empirical investigation of the way immigration affects labour market outcomes of native born workers in the UK, set beside a theoretical discussion of the underlying economic mechanisms. We discuss the problems that may arise in empirical estimations, and suggest ways to address these problems. Our empirical(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the role of 18F-fluorocholine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FCH-PET/CT) in the early evaluation of abiraterone and outcome prediction in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). PATIENT AND METHODS Forty-three patients with metastatic CRPC progressing after docetaxel received(More)
We analyze the root causes of the current crisis by studying the determinants of bank lending standards in the Euro Area using the answers from the confidential Bank Lending Survey, where national central banks request quarterly information on the lending standards banks apply to customers. We find that low short-term interest rates soften lending standards(More)
We document a strong co-movement between the VIX, a stock market-based indicator of " risk aversion " , and monetary policy. Using a structural vector autoregressive framework, we find that a primary component driving this co-movement is risk aversion rather than expected stock market volatility (" uncertainty "). A lax monetary policy decreases risk(More)
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors, not necessarily those of the Home Office (nor do they reflect Government policy). 1 1 This report has been financed by the UK Home Office. We are grateful to Yasmin Dolatabadi for excellent research assistance. We thank members of the Home Office Steering Group and the DWP for comments. We are(More)
1 We thank the British Home Office for financial support. We are grateful to Yasmin Dolatabadi for excellent research assistance. We also thank the ESRC Data Archive for providing the Labour Force Survey and the 1971 UK Census data sets and Manchester Information and Associated Services (MIMAS) for providing the 1981 and 1991 UK Census data sets. Useful(More)
This paper investigates the relationship between monetary policy and bank risk-taking. Using a unique database that includes quarterly balance sheet information for listed banks operating in the European Union and the United States in the last decade, we find evidence that unusually low interest rates over an extended period of time contributed to an(More)
In this retrospective study, we evaluated the chromogranin A (CgA) baseline value as a predictor of clinical outcome in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with abiraterone 1000 mg per day, whose disease progressed after docetaxel chemotherapy. In the 48 evaluable patients, serum CgA level was normal when <120  ng/ml(More)