Francesca Di Virgilio

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The aims of this study were to propose a bioindicator organism, the newt Triturus carnifex, for the assessment of toxicological impact of thiophanate methyl in the Campania region (Italy) and the possible adverse activity on the adrenal gland. In the acute toxicity study, experimental groups of T. carnifex were exposed to 2.40, 4.80, 9.60 and 19.20 microg/L(More)
The thyroid has been shown to be a target organ for environmental chemicals, specifically endocrine-disrupting contaminants. Reptiles are particularly suitable as contaminant biomonitors due to their persistence in a variety of habitats, wide geographic distribution, longevity, and, in many cases, site fidelity. Methyl thiophanate is a systemic(More)
The role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the modulation of the pituitary-adrenal axis activity in a lizard, Podarcis sicula, was investigated by in vivo NPY administration. The effects were evaluated by examination of the morphological and morphometrical features of the tissues as well as the plasma levels of ACTH, corticosterone, aldosterone, norepinephrine,(More)
Nanoelectrode arrays (NEAs) are increasingly applied for a variety of electroanalytical applications; however, very few studies dealt with the use of NEAs as an electrochemical generator of electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL). In the present study, arrays of nanodisc and nanoband electrodes with different dimensions and inter-electrode distances were(More)
The purpose of this article is to encourage research on the aspects of consumer behaviour, particularly as found in groups of consumers. For both researchers and practitioners, consumer knowledge is a critical factor in creating competitive success over time. But there is a gap in the knowledge management literature, which has recognized the importance of(More)
The effects of dopamine administration on the adrenal gland of a lizard, Podarcis sicula, are described. Dopamine (0.7mg/100g body wt/day for 4 consecutive days) raised plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels (ACTH: from the basal level of 4.40+/-0.05-7.30+/-0.08pg/ml 24h after the fourth dopamine injection; corticosterone: from 3.59+/-0.03ng/ml in untreated(More)
The distribution of neuronal and non-neuronal mRNAs for alpha7 and alpha4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits was investigated in Triturus carnifex tissues using the in situ hybridization approach. The findings reveal a composite pattern of expression only partially overlapping for the two subunits; subunit alpha7 seems to be expressed widely(More)
Although endothelins were originally discovered as peptides with vasoconstrictor activity, recent studies have indicated a number of endothelin (ET) induced hormonal functions in various tissues. We have studied the interaction of ET-1 with thyroid gland of the lizard Podarcis sicula. The effects of ET-1 administration on the plasma levels of the thyroid(More)
The adrenal gland regulates metabolism and maintains normal electrolyte balance. Adrenal hormones are equivalent in all vertebrates; the chromaffin tissue produces adrenaline and noradrenaline and the steroidogenic tissue produces most of the steroid hormones present in mammals. Podarcis sicula belongs to the Squamata family of lizards and it is the most(More)