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BACKGROUND Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers are at substantially elevated risk of developing ovarian cancer. The aim of the meta-analysis is to clarify the role of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) to reduce ovarian cancer risk and mortality in women with BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 mutation carriers. METHODS Pubmed, Medline and Scopus were(More)
INTRODUCTION Our interest was to monitor treatment response using ADC value to predict response of rectal tumour to preoperative radiochemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-two patients were treated with long course of radiochemotherapy, followed by surgery. Patients were examined by diffusion-weighted imaging MRI at three-time points (prior, during,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine whether texture features of rectal cancer on T2-weighted (T2w) magnetic resonance images can predict tumoral response in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS We prospectively enrolled 15 consecutive patients (6 women, 63.2 ± 13.4 years) with rectal cancer, who(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of induction chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (IC+CCRT) or CCRT alone in non-endemic locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data of 106 patients with NPC treated from January 1999 to June 2012 with IC+CCRT(More)
In the era of personalized medicine, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents a critical oncologic topic. Conventional chemotherapy regimens consist of drugs administration in cycles near or at the maximum tolerated dose (MDT), followed by a long drug-free period to permit the patient to recover from acute toxicities. Despite this strategy(More)
Pancreatoduodenectomy remains the recommended treatment in potentially curative strategies for pancreatic carcinoma. Due to high local failure rates even after complete resection, a multi-modality treatment approach is paramount in the management of resectable disease. Despite there being insufficient evidence to recommend a specific neoadjuvant strategy,(More)
BACKGROUND Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm (PEComa) is a rare mesenchymal tumor. Gynecological PEComas account for just over one-fourth of the overall PEComa cases reported in the literature. Surgery is the most recommended primary treatment while adjuvant therapy is generally reserved for high-risk cases. However, the best management of this(More)
BACKGROUND Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have substantially elevated risk of developing breast cancer. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy (BRRM) in reducing breast cancer risk in women carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. METHODS The Pubmed, MEDLINE and Scopus databases were searched to retrieve(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most important cause of gynecological cancer-related mortality, with the majority of women presenting with advanced disease. Although surgery and chemotherapy can improve survival rates, it is necessary to integrate alternative strategies to improve the outcomes. Advances in understanding the role of immune system in the pathogenesis(More)