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In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
The authors describe two unrelated individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) due to marked expansion and instability of the CGG trinucleotide repeats within the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) and periventricular heterotopia (PH). This observation suggests that the FMR1 gene is involved in neuronal migration and that abnormal neuronal migration,(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical features and the results of laboratory investigations in three patients with spinal muscular atrophy associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMA-PME), a rare condition caused by mutations in the N-acylsphingosine amidohydrosilase 1 (ASAH1) gene. METHODS The patients were submitted to clinical evaluation,(More)
PURPOSE Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (BMEI) is a nosologically well-defined entity, characterized by myoclonic seizures (MS) in normal children younger than 3 years and by a good long term prognosis. In some cases the seizures are reflex. We studied 22 cases to better define the electroclinical semeiology and evolution of the disorder. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE We studied the electroclinical features and evolution in patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) associated with electroencephalographic findings similar to those of benign focal epilepsies (BFE) with or without clinical manifestations compatible with these focal idiopathic syndromes. METHODS Between June 1994 and June 2002, we found 203(More)
INTRODUCTION To determine the occurrence of neuroradiological abnormalities and to perform genotype-phenotype correlations in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI, Dravet syndrome). PATIENTS AND METHODS Alpha-subunit type A of voltage-gated sodium channel (SCN1A) mutational screening was performed by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
PURPOSE Mutations of the protocadherin19 gene (PCDH19) cause a female-related epilepsy of variable severity, with or without mental retardation and autistic features. Despite the increasing number of patients and mutations reported, the epilepsy phenotype associated with PCDH19 mutations is still unclear. We analyzed seizure semiology through ictal(More)
We describe the electroclinical features, therapy, and long-term evolution of 17 patients with migrating focal seizures in infancy, and analyzed the charts of these patients seen between February 1985 and July 2005. Three different electroclinical patterns were recognized: (1) 8 cases with alternating simple focal motor seizures at onset. The ictal(More)
Surgery for refractory extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE) in the pediatric age group has been reported to be associated with a high percentage of failure and relapse. We performed a retrospective study of 53 consecutive patients with epilepsy onset before 12 years of age, who underwent, mostly at a pediatric age, an individually tailored ETLE surgery (32 in(More)
PURPOSE Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is probably more difficult to recognize in children than in adults. In fact, ictal symptoms in children are less stereotyped and less obvious, and the neuropathological substrate is more heterogeneous than in adults. The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between etiology, age at onset and electroclinical(More)