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PURPOSE We studied the electroclinical features and evolution in patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) associated with electroencephalographic findings similar to those of benign focal epilepsies (BFE) with or without clinical manifestations compatible with these focal idiopathic syndromes. METHODS Between June 1994 and June 2002, we found 203(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
BACKGROUND Epilepsy is a frequent and severe feature of Menkes disease (MD) but only few studies described the long-term evolution of these children. We report a series of 28 epileptic MD patients, with clinical characteristics, EEG abnormalities, brain malformations and long-term outcome. METHODS EEG, clinical characteristics and neuroimaging features in(More)
The authors describe two unrelated individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) due to marked expansion and instability of the CGG trinucleotide repeats within the fragile X mental retardation 1 gene (FMR1) and periventricular heterotopia (PH). This observation suggests that the FMR1 gene is involved in neuronal migration and that abnormal neuronal migration,(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical features and the results of laboratory investigations in three patients with spinal muscular atrophy associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMA-PME), a rare condition caused by mutations in the N-acylsphingosine amidohydrosilase 1 (ASAH1) gene. METHODS The patients were submitted to clinical evaluation,(More)
PURPOSE Benign myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (BMEI) is a nosologically well-defined entity, characterized by myoclonic seizures (MS) in normal children younger than 3 years and by a good long term prognosis. In some cases the seizures are reflex. We studied 22 cases to better define the electroclinical semeiology and evolution of the disorder. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION To determine the occurrence of neuroradiological abnormalities and to perform genotype-phenotype correlations in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI, Dravet syndrome). PATIENTS AND METHODS Alpha-subunit type A of voltage-gated sodium channel (SCN1A) mutational screening was performed by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Recently, it has been reported that longer expansions of the polyalanine tract of the ARX gene could cause an early infantile encephalopathy with suppression burst pattern and that the length of this repeat region could be related to the severity of the electroclinical picture. We describe the history of two male individuals, born from monozygotic twin(More)
PURPOSE Mutations of the protocadherin19 gene (PCDH19) cause a female-related epilepsy of variable severity, with or without mental retardation and autistic features. Despite the increasing number of patients and mutations reported, the epilepsy phenotype associated with PCDH19 mutations is still unclear. We analyzed seizure semiology through ictal(More)
We describe the electroclinical features, therapy, and long-term evolution of 17 patients with migrating focal seizures in infancy, and analyzed the charts of these patients seen between February 1985 and July 2005. Three different electroclinical patterns were recognized: (1) 8 cases with alternating simple focal motor seizures at onset. The ictal(More)