Francesca Cutruzzolá

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In biofilms, the bacterial community optimizes the strategies to sense the environment and to communicate from cell to cell. A key player in the development of a bacterial biofilm is the second messenger c-di-GMP, whose intracellular levels are modulated by the opposite activity of diguanylate cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Given the huge impact of(More)
Serine and glycine are biosynthetically linked, and together provide the essential precursors for the synthesis of proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids that are crucial to cancer cell growth. Moreover, serine/glycine biosynthesis also affects cellular antioxidative capacity, thus supporting tumour homeostasis. A crucial contribution of serine/glycine to(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for a plethora of biofilm mediated chronic infections among which cystic fibrosis pneumonia is the most frightening. The long-term survival strategy of P. aeruginosa in the patients lungs is based on a fine balance of virulence vs dormant states and on genetic adaptation, in order to select persistent phenotypes as the(More)
The folding of cytochrome c(551) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was previously thought to follow a simple sequential mechanism, consistent with the lack of histidine residues, other than the native His16 heme ligand, that can give rise to mis-coordinated species. However, further kinetic analysis reveals complexities indicative of a folding mechanism involving(More)
Reprogramming of cellular metabolism towards de novo serine production fuels the growth of cancer cells, providing essential precursors such as amino acids and nucleotides and controlling the antioxidant and methylation capacities of the cell. The enzyme serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) has a key role in this metabolic shift, and directs serine(More)
Both cancer cells and aging cells exhibit altered metabolic activity, which is, at least in part, due to deregulation of the p53 family members. Although several mechanisms through which p53 affects metabolisms are known, less information is available of its family member p73. in the December 15, 2013 issue of Cell Cycle, Velletri et al. 1 report the(More)
Bacteria react to adverse environmental stimuli by clustering into organized communities called biofilms. A remarkably sophisticated control system based on the dinucleotide 3'-5' cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) is involved in deciding whether to form or abandon biofilms. The ability of c-di-GMP to form self-intercalated dimers is also thought to play a(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, production of the signal molecule c-di-GMP by diguanylate cyclases (DGCs) is a key trigger for biofilm formation, which, in turn, is often required for the development of chronic bacterial infections. Thus, DGCs represent interesting targets for new chemotherapeutic drugs with anti-biofilm activity. We searched for inhibitors of(More)
In the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa the denitrification process is triggered by nitric oxide (NO) and plays a crucial role for the survival in chronic infection sites as a microaerobic–anaerobic biofilm. This respiratory pathway is transcriptionally induced by DNR, an heme-based gas sensor which positively responds to NO. Molecular details(More)
In the globin family, similarities in the folding mechanism have been found among different mammalian apomyoglobins (apoMb). The best-characterized intermediate of sperm whale apoMb, called I(AGH), is mainly stabilized by nativelike contacts among the A, G, and H helices involving a cluster of hydrophobic residues that includes two conserved tryptophans. To(More)
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