Francesca Cutruzzolà

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In biofilms, the bacterial community optimizes the strategies to sense the environment and to communicate from cell to cell. A key player in the development of a bacterial biofilm is the second messenger c-di-GMP, whose intracellular levels are modulated by the opposite activity of diguanylate cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Given the huge impact of(More)
Complete sequencing of the prion protein open reading frame of a 68-year-old woman affected by a familial form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) revealed a new mutation at codon 210 resulting in the substitution of isoleucine for valine. Moreover, a new 24-bp deletion encompassing codons 54 to 61 or 62 to 69 was found in the other allele. Four of the 17(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for a plethora of biofilm mediated chronic infections among which cystic fibrosis pneumonia is the most frightening. The long-term survival strategy of P. aeruginosa in the patients lungs is based on a fine balance of virulence vs dormant states and on genetic adaptation, in order to select persistent phenotypes as the(More)
The folding of cytochrome c(551) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was previously thought to follow a simple sequential mechanism, consistent with the lack of histidine residues, other than the native His16 heme ligand, that can give rise to mis-coordinated species. However, further kinetic analysis reveals complexities indicative of a folding mechanism involving(More)
Bacteria react to adverse environmental stimuli by clustering into organized communities called biofilms. A remarkably sophisticated control system based on the dinucleotide 3'-5' cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) is involved in deciding whether to form or abandon biofilms. The ability of c-di-GMP to form self-intercalated dimers is also thought to play a(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, production of the signal molecule c-di-GMP by diguanylate cyclases (DGCs) is a key trigger for biofilm formation, which, in turn, is often required for the development of chronic bacterial infections. Thus, DGCs represent interesting targets for new chemotherapeutic drugs with anti-biofilm activity. We searched for inhibitors of(More)
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in western country males but the mechanisms involved in the transformation processes have not been clearly elucidated. Alteration in cellular metabolism in cancer cells is recognized as a hallmark of malignant transformation, although it is becoming clear that the biological features of metabolic(More)
In the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa the denitrification process is triggered by nitric oxide (NO) and plays a crucial role for the survival in chronic infection sites as a microaerobic–anaerobic biofilm. This respiratory pathway is transcriptionally induced by DNR, an heme-based gas sensor which positively responds to NO. Molecular details(More)
In the globin family, similarities in the folding mechanism have been found among different mammalian apomyoglobins (apoMb). The best-characterized intermediate of sperm whale apoMb, called I(AGH), is mainly stabilized by nativelike contacts among the A, G, and H helices involving a cluster of hydrophobic residues that includes two conserved tryptophans. To(More)
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