Francesca Cuomo

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Sensor networks exhibit a unique funneling effect which is a product of the distinctive many-to-one, hop-by-hop traffic pattern found in sensor networks, and results in a significant increase in transit traffic intensity, collision, congestion, packet loss, and energy drain as events move closer toward the sink. While network (e.g., congestion control) and(More)
Ultra-wideband (UWB) radio is becoming a promising field for new generation’s digital communication systems. This technique, based mainly on the impulse radio paradigm, offers great flexibility and shows enormous potential in view of a future broadband wireless access. In this paper, we aim at presenting the main principles to design a multiaccess scheme(More)
Cognitive radio networks (CRNs) are composed of cognitive, spectrum-agile devices capable of changing their configurations on the fly based on the spectral environment. This capability opens up the possibility of designing flexible and dynamic spectrum access strategies with the purpose of opportunistically reusing portions of the spectrum temporarily(More)
The topology of a cognitive radio Ad Hoc network is highly influenced by the behavior of both licensed (primary) and unlicensed (secondary) users. In fact, the network connectivity could be impaired by the activity of primary users. This aspect has a significant impact on the design of routing protocols. We design a routing scheme for(More)
This paper deals with scatternet formation in Bluetooth. A scatternet is an ad hoc network of Bluetooth devices. Some works in the literature rely on the single-hop hypothesis, i.e., all devices are in radio visibility of each other. Other works refer to the more likely circumstance that devices are scattered in an area where some of them can not directly(More)
Bluetooth is an enabling technology for Personal Area Networks. A scatternet is an ad hoc network created by interconnecting several Bluetooth piconets, each with at most eight devices. Each piconet uses a different radio channel constituted by a frequency hopping code. The way the devices are grouped in different piconets and the way the piconets are(More)
An IEEE 802.15.4-based wireless sensor network is considered, and the relationship between the IEEE 802.15.4 topology formation mechanism and possible routing strategies at the network layer is studied. Two alternative routing schemes proposed in the framework of the ZigBee alliance are analyzed. The first is the well-known ad-hoc on demand distance vector(More)
The problem of scheduling packet transmissions for data gathering in wireless sensor networks is studied in this paper. A scenario is considered where different sources contemporarily sense an event and signal the acquired information to a sink. Energy-latency tradeoffs for data gathering in sensor networks are explored by means of Integer Linear(More)
Nowadays a big effort is spent to reduce the Internet energy consumption. Actual Internet topologies have space to power off some links and devices to reduce the energy consumed in off-peak periods still guaranteeing connectivity among terminals. In this work we leverage the algebraic connectivity of the graph modeling an ISP network in order to define the(More)
Many scientific works propose methods of reducing the amount of energy consumed by the Internet. Although the structure of the Internet was not developed with specific attention to energy consumption, there are various components on which it is possible to act. In our work, we analyze the possibility of affecting the topology of the network. We propose a(More)