Francesca Cristello

Learn More
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder that causes anovulation and consequent subfertility. It is well established that increased ovarian mass, supported by new blood vessel proliferation in stroma and theca, is a key feature of PCOS. Recent studies suggest a role for angiogenetic factors in this phenomenon. AIM To(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by hirsutism, obesity, hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance. The syndrome is often accompanied by infertility because of anovulation. Many approaches have been proposed to solve this problem, with the most commonly used therapies being ovarian drilling and pharmacological(More)
An imbalance between pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors is hypothesized in the pathogenesis of ovarian cystic disease. The aim of the following study was to explore the possible role of free vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sVEGFR-1), a soluble regulator of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) action, in ovarian cystoadenoma,(More)
OBJECTIVE It is now widely accepted that increasing the number of replacement embryos (>3 embryos per embryo transfer [ET]) is associated with an increased risk of multiple pregnancies. While embryo reduction is often proposed when there is a high risk of multiple pregnancies, it is a difficult decision for the couple. For this reason, different studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate metformin effects on the endocrine-metabolic parameters and ovarian morphology in normoinsulinemic women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN Randomized double-blind study. SETTING Operative Division of Endocrinological Gynecology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. PATIENT(S) Twenty-eight normal-weight(More)
OBJECTIVE The soluble form of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor, s-VEGFR-1, may negatively regulate the action of VEGF. Our purpose was to better understand the regulation of angiogenetic processes in ovarian cysts. METHODS Seventy-three women, 36 with serous cystoadenoma, 30 with ovarian endometriosis and seven with(More)
OBJECTIVE The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis seems to hyperfunction at both central and peripheral levels in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Hyperinsulinemia is involved in the adrenal hyper-responsiveness to ACTH. The present study was performed to investigate the role of insulin in the derangement of the hypothalamic-pituitary compartment of(More)
BACKGROUND Metformin was reported to improve the alterations of endothelial reactivity in normal-weight subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms of action of this drug on the vascular function of this population. METHODS Thirteen normal-weight, normoinsulinemic and normolipemic PCOS(More)
OBJECTIVE Implantation is a complex phenomenon consisting of the first strong contact between embryo and endometrium. Recent studies have demonstrated that this process is dependent not only on the 'readiness' of the endometrium, but also on complex interactions between endometrial and embryonic tissues that cross-talk by means of different molecules(More)
  • 1