Francesca Castellino

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BACKGROUND MRCP and EUS have replaced ERCP in the diagnosis of biliary diseases, but the latter is needed for treatment. This study evaluates a new approach in the management of common bile duct stones, by using an oblique-viewing echoendoscope. METHODS Nineteen patients with acute abdominal pain associated with increased liver tests entered the study.(More)
BACKGROUND In the past few years, serologic markers have been proposed in inflammatory bowel disease. Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies showed high specificity for Crohn's disease. A prognostic role for serology has also been hypothesised. AIMS To evaluate anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody distribution in an unselected Italian inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE Viral infections of the mesenteric microvascular endothelium have been hypothesized as pathogenetic factors in inflammatory bowel diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody against measles virus is associated with disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS The IgM antibody was detected by indirect antibody test(More)
BACKGROUND The activity of epithelial lactase (LCT) associates with a polymorphism 13910 bp upstream the LCT-encoding gene (LCT-13910C>T). The relationship between LCT-13910C>T polymorphism and risk for colorectal cancer is unclear. AIMS We examined the relationship between the LCT-13910C>T polymorphism causing lactose intolerance and risk for colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND Although tissue transglutaminase was recently identified as the main autoantigen recognized by endomysial antibodies in coeliac patients, anti-endomysium antibody detection still persists as the gold standard for coeliac disease screening and diagnosis. OBJECTIVES (1) To evaluate human umbilical vein cells (HUVEC) as an alternative source of(More)
BACKGROUND Major limitations of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in paediatric populations are a low incidence of biliopancreatic disease among children, the equipment dimensions (size of endoscopes and devices) and the increasing role of MR-cholangiopancreatography in the field of diagnostic indications. Aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in a series of patients with inflammatory bowel disease, the discriminatory value of these antibodies in differentiating between ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, their antigen specificity and their correlation with epidemiological and clinical variables. METHODS Serum(More)
AIM To compare the rates of success and complications of two different methods of access into the common bile duct (CBD). METHODS Between October 2007 and November 2008, 173 consecutive patients (71 men, 102 women, mean age 68.6 years) requiring endoscopic retrograde cannulation of the papilla and endoscopic treatment were studied. In the first 88(More)
Approximately 15% of patients with ulcerative colitis have a severe attack requiring hospitalization at some time during their illness. This treatment leads to a remission in 60-80% of patients and non-responders may require a total colectomy. Mortality in severe episodes of ulcerative colitis decreased from 31-61% in the 1950s to 5-9% in the 1960s thanks(More)
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