Francesca Carlini

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Patients with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) have a human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) load higher than patients without KS and present a CD8(+) T-cell activation with production of Th1-type cytokines both in tissues and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Because in tissues of KS patients detection of inflammatory cytokines (IC) can precede detection of HHV-8 DNA(More)
HUT-78 cells were infected with a reverse transcriptase (RT)-positive supernatant of a culture of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from an AIDS patient and then cloned. Of these clones, two have been isolated and characterized. Clone D10 is persistently and productively infected with an HIV variant. The clone F12, in spite of the presence of an integrated(More)
T4-binding globulin (TBG) prepared from human plasma by the standard three-step procedure (T4-agarose affinity chromatography, anion exchange chromatography, and gel filtration) often shows in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in addition to the expected 54K band, another with a mol wt of 27,000 (27K protein). The two proteins can be(More)
A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected Hut-78 cell clone (F12) shows a peculiar phenotype: it exhibits an altered viral protein pattern, is a nonproducer and is resistant to homologous superinfection. To determine whether this phenotype is dependent upon the expression of the HIV-1 genome integrated therein, the SstI/SstI F12 provirus(More)
BACKGROUND Transposable Elements (TEs) comprise nearly 45% of the entire genome and are part of sophisticated regulatory network systems that control developmental processes in normal and pathological conditions. The retroviral/retrotransposon gene machinery consists mainly of Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs-1) and Human Endogenous Retroviruses(More)
Infection by human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is associated with the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Since regression of KS can be achieved by treatment of the patients with alpha interferon (IFN-alpha), we analyzed the effects of IFN-alpha or anti-IFN-alpha antibodies (Ab) on HHV-8 latently infected primary effusion lymphoma-derived cell lines (BCBL-1 and(More)
The integration of a DNA copy of the retroviral RNA genome into the host cell genome is essential for viral replication. The virion-associated integrase protein, encoded by the 3' end of the viral pol gene, is required for integration. Stable virus-producing T-cell lines were established for replication-defective human immunodeficiency virus type 1 carrying(More)
CD8+ T cell responses and particularly cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity are critical factors in controlling SHIV, SIV or HIV replication during natural infection and represent key parameters which need to be monitored during vaccine development. In order to improve the methodology for measuring CD8+ T cell responses, retroviral vectors expressing the(More)
Thyroid biosynthesis in glassed eels (Anguilla anguilla L.) was studied to establish whether salinity changes could affect it, when they live in sea water or in fresh water containing 125I. Aqueous extrait of homogenized cephalic heads of glassed eels contains an iodinated protein 17-19 S having thyroglobulin-like properties and including iodotyrosins (MIT(More)
A cell clone (Hut-78/F12) chronically infected with a non-producer human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) variant showed an abnormal pattern of virus structural proteins and released no detectable virus particles. Exchanges of homologous parts of the F12/HIV provirus and a replication-competent HIV (strain NL4-3) were undertaken to define the genetic(More)