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Radioembolization (RE) of liver cancer with (90)Y-microspheres has been applied in the last two decades with notable responses and acceptable toxicity. Two types of microspheres are available, glass and resin, the main difference being the activity/sphere. Generally, administered activities are established by empirical methods and differ for the two types.(More)
Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been constantly evolving over the last decade, providing successful results in the treatment of tumors expressing somatostatin receptors, especially with 90Y -- and 177Lu -- radiolabelled peptides. Recent and/or ongoing studies assure new perspectives to come. Dosimetry represents a precious guide for the(More)
Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) has proven its efficacy in the treatment of neuroendocrine and other somatostatin receptor expressing tumours (SR-tumours). Several clinical trials have confirmed that adverse effects are represented by possible renal impairment, which is the major concern, and low but not absent hematological toxicity. High(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to carry out two different dose estimation approaches in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) treated with a myeloablative amount of (90)Y-labelled ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin(R)) in an open-label dose escalation study. METHODS Twenty-seven patients with relapsed/refractory or de novo high-risk NHL receiving one(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the activity quantification of single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT-CT) (90)Y-Bremsstrahlung images and to validate the S-voxel method. METHODS An anthropomorphic torso phantom with radioactive inserts ((90)Y) was acquired by SPECT-CT. Constant calibration factors(More)
AIMS Triple negative breast cancer with basal like features (TN-BCBL) do not benefit from hormonal and anti-HER2 therapies. As a considerable fraction of TN-BCBLs shows EGFR deregulation, EGFR-targeted therapies have been proposed as an option. The characterization of EGFR and EGFR-downstream members may therefore provide important predictive information.(More)
Cancer-related inflammation has emerged in recent years as a major event contributing to tumor angiogenesis, tumor progression and metastasis formation. Bone marrow-derived and inflammatory cells promote tumor angiogenesis by providing endothelial progenitor cells that differentiate into mature endothelial cells, and by secreting pro-angiogenic factors and(More)
PURPOSE The calculation of patient-specific dose distribution can be achieved by Monte Carlo simulations or by analytical methods. In this study, FLUKA Monte Carlo code has been considered for use in nuclear medicine dosimetry. Up to now, FLUKA has mainly been dedicated to other fields, namely high energy physics, radiation protection, and hadrontherapy.(More)
Kidney dosimetry in (177)Lu and (90)Y PRRT requires 3 to 6 whole-body/SPECT scans to extrapolate the peptide kinetics, and it is considered time and resource consuming. We investigated the most adequate timing for imaging and time-activity interpolating curve, as well as the performance of a simplified dosimetry, by means of just 1-2 scans. Finally the(More)
The increasing availability of SPECT/CT devices with advanced technology offers the opportunity for the accurate assessment of the radiation dose to the biological target volume during radionuclide therapy. Voxel dosimetry can be performed employing direct Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations, based on both morphological and functional images of the(More)