Francesca Borghi

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The verification of the uncertain presence of muscle spindles in the external anal sphincter is important in the comprehension of the pathophysiology of continence. The authors failed to demonstrate these proprioceptive structures in 10 human sphincters examined with different histological techniques, whereas they found some typical muscle spindles in the(More)
BACKGROUND Thanks to mechanotransductive components cells are competent to perceive nanoscale topographical features of their environment and to convert the immanent information into corresponding physiological responses. Due to its complex configuration, unraveling the role of the extracellular matrix is particularly challenging. Cell substrates with(More)
We report on the systematic investigation of the role of surface nanoscale roughness and morphology on the charging behaviour of nanostructured titania (TiO2) surfaces in aqueous solutions. IsoElectric Points (IEPs) of surfaces have been characterized by direct measurement of the electrostatic double layer interactions between titania surfaces and the(More)
A study of the anatomy of the anal striated musculature is performed on 34 adult specimens to reconsider some debated morphologic aspects. The original "eight-shaped" arrangement of the fibers of the pubococcygeus is pointed out, suggesting a definite role of the muscle as a superior part of the continence muscular complex; the intermediate part seems to be(More)
Continence depends not only on correct muscular function but also on the integrity of the suspensory structures of the anal canal, the latter being the subject of this study performed on embryological and adult specimens. The role of the perineal body as an insertion tendon common to all the striated muscles (pubo-coc-cygeus, superficial striated sphincter)(More)
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