Francesca Bonomini

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This review focuses on the morphological features of atherosclerosis and the involvement of oxidative stress in the initiation and progression of this disease. There is now consensus that atherosclerosis represents a state of heightened oxidative stress characterized by lipid and protein in the vascular wall. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mediators(More)
The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors associated with obesity and insulin resistance, is dramatically increasing in Western and developing countries. This disorder consists of a cluster of metabolic conditions, such as hypertriglyceridemia, hyper-low-density lipoproteins, hypo-high-density lipoproteins, insulin(More)
The study of biological aging has seen spectacular progress in the last decade and markers are increasingly employed for understanding physiological processes that change with age. Recently, it has been demonstrated that apolipoprotein E (apoE) has a major impact on longevity, but its mechanisms are still not fully understood. ApoE-deficient (E(o)) mice(More)
Melatonin is known to exert antitumour activity in several types of human cancers, but the underlying mechanisms as well as the efficacy of different doses of melatonin are not well defined. Here, we test the hypothesis whether melatonin in the nanomolar range is effective in exerting antitumour activity in vivo and examine the correlation with the hypoxia(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the immunosuppressor, which is most frequently used in transplant surgery and in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Oxidative stress has been considered as one of the possible mechanisms of CsA-induced cardiotoxicity. The present investigation examines the ability of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), which is an active(More)
The thymus represents the primary site for T cell lymphopoiesis, providing a coordinated set for critical factors to induce and support lineage commitment, differentiation and survival of thymus-seeding cells. One irrefutable fact is that the presence of non-lymphoid cells through the thymic parenchyma serves to provide coordinated migration and(More)
BACKGROUND The family of AP-1 complexes mediates protein sorting in the late secretory pathway and it is essential for the development of mammals. The ubiquitously expressed AP-1A complex consists of four adaptins γ1, β1, μ1A, and σ1A. AP-1A mediates protein transport between the trans-Golgi network and early endosomes. The polarized epithelia AP-1B complex(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), produced by nitric oxide synthase, is implicated in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study sought to elucidate the impact of pharmacological induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) on renal I/R injury. Rats were subjected to 45 minutes of renal ischemia followed by various times of reperfusion (30 minutes,(More)
Myosins constitute a large family of molecular motors, hydrolyzing ATP and producing cellular movement. To date, a large number of novel isoforms have been found in muscle and non-muscle cells. Among non-muscle myosins, non-muscle myosin heavy chain (NMHC) II-A and II-B have been well characterized. An additional member of NMHC II-B, with a molecular weight(More)
Melatonin, the chief product secreted by pineal gland, is capable of reducing free radical damage by acting directly as a free radical scavenger, and indirectly, by stimulating of antioxidant enzymes. Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the most widely used immunosuppressive drug, but its therapeutic use has several side effects including, i.e. nephrotoxicity and(More)