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PURPOSE Electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) coregistration has recently revealed that several brain structures are involved in generalized spike and wave discharges (GSWDs) in idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs). In particular, deactivations and activations have been observed within the so-called brain default mode(More)
International epilepsy classification includes different epileptic syndromes with favourable outcomes in paediatric age, both partial and generalised. This is true in childhood while no partial benign forms are accepted in infancy. In 1987, Watanabe first described a new entity and he defined it as 'benign complex partial epilepsies in infancy'. In 1992,(More)
PURPOSE To better delineate the electroclinical features of infants who presented with focal seizures and typical midline sleep EEG abnormalities with a benign outcome. We discuss the significance of the typical EEG marker in non-epileptic patients. METHODS Patients were selected from a group of epileptic subjects with seizure onset less than 3 years we(More)
BACKGROUND Given the rarity of this condition, especially in children, there is a paucity of large reported paediatric case series of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis. METHODS To contribute to define the features of this condition, we describe retrospectively a new nationwide case series of 20 children (50% females), referred by 13 Italian(More)
We report two children, suffering from idiopathic partial epilepsy, who started to present, in the same period of time, with epileptic negative myoclonus (ENM) in one lower limb and fecal incontinence (FI). Polygraphic recordings showed that ENM was associated with paroxysmal activities distributed over the vertex region. Both ENM and FI disappeared when(More)
We investigated the electroclinical features of 12 patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), presenting with typical absence seizures associated with myoclonic manifestations of the face or neck. All patients underwent repeated and prolonged split-screen video-polygraphic EEG recordings. The polygraphic recordings and clinical correlations of the(More)
Perinatal factors were investigated in 53 low birth weight infants with minor neurodevelopmental dysfunction at 2-year follow-up and in 106 consecutive controls matched for gestational age and birth weight (within 100-gram intervals). The obstetrical history, as evaluated by the obstetrical optimality score, was significantly worse in the cases than in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of levetiracetam (LEV) in continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep (CSWS). Despite first description dates back to 1971, no agreement exists about CSWS treatment. The condition is rare and controlled clinical trials are very difficult to perform, so the reports about efficacy of different drugs are anecdotal. (More)
Photosensitivity is a genetically determined trait that may be asymptomatic throughout life or manifest with epileptic seizures. Photosensitivity usually begins before the age of 20 years with a peak age at onset at around 12. Both natural and artificial light may trigger seizures. Precise investigation must be carried out by intermittent photic stimulation(More)
PURPOSE To dissect the genetics of benign familial epilepsies of the first year of life and to assess the extent of the genetic overlap between benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS), benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS), and benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS). METHODS Families with at least two first-degree relatives affected by(More)