Francesca Albiero

Learn More
An experimental model was used to investigate acute alterations of cerebral metabolic activity in rats subjected to subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Haemorrhages were produced in anaesthetized animals by injecting 0.3 ml of autologous, arterial nonheparinized blood into the cisterna magna. Control rats received subarachnoid injections of mock-cerebrospinal(More)
Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation have not been fully elucidated in the literature. The authors employed the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method to investigate the effect of whole-brain x-irradiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. The animals were(More)
The functional morphology of human arachnoid villi obtained from surgical biopsy specimens has been studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On SEM examination, the villi appeared to be distended, as if functioning normally. The endothelial cells constituting the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-blood interface were covered by numerous microvilli, uniformly(More)
Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation are not known precisely. We investigated the possibility of a change in blood-brain barrier (BBB) function as a causative factor for early delayed whole-brain radiation-induced cerebral dysfunction. Rats were exposed to conventional fractionation (200(More)
To stimulate therapeutic irradiation, we exposed rats to conventional fractionation (200 +/- 4 cGy/d, 5 d/wk; total dose, 4000 cGy). The effects of this regimen were assessed by electron microscopic examinations of brain microvascular and parenchymal cells 15 and 90 days after irradiation. Studies of the transendothelial passage of horseradish peroxidase(More)
The inhalation of glass dusts mixed in resin, generally known as glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GRP), represents a little-studied occupational hazard. The few studies performed have highlighted nonspecific lung disorders in animals and in humans. In the present study we evaluated the alteration of the respiratory system and the pathogenic mechanisms(More)
Employing quantitative autoradiography, pineal body glucose utilization (GU) was measured in daytime or at night in prepubertal (aged 1 month), adult (aged 3 months), and mature (over 12 months old) rats. In prepubertal and adult rats, in daytime, GU values within the pineal tissue were homogeneously distributed around 65 mumol glucose/100 g per min. In(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of whole-brain x-radiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Animals were exposed to conventional fractionation (200 +/- 4 cGy/day, 5 days/week; total dose, 4000 cGy). Metabolic experiments were made 2 to 3 weeks after completion of the radiation(More)
Mechanisms contributing to the rare but consistent neurotoxicity of contrast media currently in clinical use for the radiological examination of the subarachnoid space remain to be isolated. We assessed, by means of the (14C)-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) autoradiographic method, the effect of three non-ionic, low-osmolar contrast media, namely metrizamide,(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of whole-brain x-radiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Animals were exposed to conventional fractionation (200 +/- cGy/day given 5 days a week) to a total dose of 4000 cGy. Metabolic experiments were made 2 weeks after completion of the(More)