Francesca Albiero

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Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation have not been fully elucidated in the literature. The authors employed the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method to investigate the effect of whole-brain x-irradiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. The animals were(More)
To stimulate therapeutic irradiation, we exposed rats to conventional fractionation (200 +/- 4 cGy/d, 5 d/wk; total dose, 4000 cGy). The effects of this regimen were assessed by electron microscopic examinations of brain microvascular and parenchymal cells 15 and 90 days after irradiation. Studies of the transendothelial passage of horseradish peroxidase(More)
Microfollicular nodular lesions of the thyroid gland may represent a differential diagnosis problem. Firstly, nodular areas of follicular hyperplasia have to be distinguished from follicular adenomas. On the other hand, nodular microfollicular areas exhibiting large pale nuclei, occasionally found in hyperplastic nodules and follicular adenomas, must be(More)
Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation are not known precisely. We investigated the possibility of a change in blood-brain barrier (BBB) function as a causative factor for early delayed whole-brain radiation-induced cerebral dysfunction. Rats were exposed to conventional fractionation (200(More)
The inhalation of glass dusts mixed in resin, generally known as glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GRP), represents a little-studied occupational hazard. The few studies performed have highlighted nonspecific lung disorders in animals and in humans. In the present study we evaluated the alteration of the respiratory system and the pathogenic mechanisms(More)
The functional morphology of human arachnoid villi obtained from surgical biopsy specimens has been studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On SEM examination, the villi appeared to be distended, as if functioning normally. The endothelial cells constituting the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-blood interface were covered by numerous microvilli, uniformly(More)
Erythema ab igne (EI) is an uncommon skin lesion caused by mild and repeated exposure to infrared sources. The aim of this study was to investigate the ultrastructural alterations in this condition. The ultrastructural study was carried out on 5-outpatients who presented typical EI of their exposed sites. Skin punch biopsies were processed for standard(More)
This paper examines the morphological characteristics and response to hyposmotic shock of nematocytes isolated by heat dissociation at 45 degrees C for 20 min from the tentacles of Aiptasia diaphana, an anthozoan living in the brackish water of Lake Faro (Messina, Italy). Morphological characteristics were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of intracarotid injection of a nonionic, low-osmolar contrast medium (iopamidol) on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Contrast medium was injected at 20 degrees C and at 37 degrees C, and the relative changes in local cerebral glucose utilization were(More)
Mechanisms contributing to the rare but consistent neurotoxicity of contrast media currently in clinical use for the radiological examination of the subarachnoid space remain to be isolated. We assessed, by means of the (14C)-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) autoradiographic method, the effect of three non-ionic, low-osmolar contrast media, namely metrizamide,(More)