Francesca Albiero

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An experimental model was used to investigate acute alterations of cerebral metabolic activity in rats subjected to subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Haemorrhages were produced in anaesthetized animals by injecting 0.3 ml of autologous, arterial nonheparinized blood into the cisterna magna. Control rats received subarachnoid injections of mock-cerebrospinal(More)
Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation are not known precisely. We investigated the possibility of a change in blood-brain barrier (BBB) function as a causative factor for early delayed whole-brain radiation-induced cerebral dysfunction. Rats were exposed to conventional fractionation (200(More)
To stimulate therapeutic irradiation, we exposed rats to conventional fractionation (200 +/- 4 cGy/d, 5 d/wk; total dose, 4000 cGy). The effects of this regimen were assessed by electron microscopic examinations of brain microvascular and parenchymal cells 15 and 90 days after irradiation. Studies of the transendothelial passage of horseradish peroxidase(More)
Basic mechanisms underlying the tolerance and reaction of the central nervous system to ionizing radiation have not been fully elucidated in the literature. The authors employed the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method to investigate the effect of whole-brain x-irradiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. The animals were(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of whole-brain x-radiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Animals were exposed to conventional fractionation (200 +/- 4 cGy/day, 5 days/week; total dose, 4000 cGy). Metabolic experiments were made 2 to 3 weeks after completion of the radiation(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of intracarotid injection of a nonionic, low-osmolar contrast medium (iopamidol) on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Contrast medium was injected at 20 degrees C and at 37 degrees C, and the relative changes in local cerebral glucose utilization were(More)
The functional morphology of human arachnoid villi obtained from surgical biopsy specimens has been studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On SEM examination, the villi appeared to be distended, as if functioning normally. The endothelial cells constituting the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-blood interface were covered by numerous microvilli, uniformly(More)
We assessed, by means of the [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose autoradiography method, the effect of whole-brain x-radiation on local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat brain. Animals were exposed to conventional fractionation (200 +/- cGy/day given 5 days a week) to a total dose of 4000 cGy. Metabolic experiments were made 2 weeks after completion of the(More)
Erythema ab igne (EI) is an uncommon skin lesion caused by mild and repeated exposure to infrared sources. The aim of this study was to investigate the ultrastructural alterations in this condition. The ultrastructural study was carried out on 5-outpatients who presented typical EI of their exposed sites. Skin punch biopsies were processed for standard(More)
Microfollicular nodular lesions of the thyroid gland may represent a differential diagnosis problem. Firstly, nodular areas of follicular hyperplasia have to be distinguished from follicular adenomas. On the other hand, nodular microfollicular areas exhibiting large pale nuclei, occasionally found in hyperplastic nodules and follicular adenomas, must be(More)