Francesca Agnelli

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OBJECTIVE Transient elastography (TE) allows non-invasive evaluation of the severity of liver disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C. This procedure, however, warrants further validation in the setting of liver transplantation (LT), including patients under follow-up for recurrent hepatitis C. SETTING Tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS 95(More)
BACKGROUND Anastomotic biliary stricture represents one of the possible factors leading to liver dysfunction after transplantation. PURPOSE Our aims were to evaluate the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and a short-term stenting (stent-trial) in assessment of the clinical relevance of the biliary stricture. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
We previously reported that autoantibodies against cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) are frequent in patients with chronic hepatitis C. As autoimmune reactions are increasingly detected after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), this study investigates prevalence and significance of anti-CYP2E1 autoantibodies in 46 patients with post-OLT recurrent hepatitis C.(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolic syndrome is a common condition among liver transplanted patients and contributes to morbidity and mortality by favouring the development of cardiovascular diseases. AIMS This prospective study assessed the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation, the associated pre-operative and(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon (IFN) combined with ribavirin (RBV) is an effective therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. Those who are coinfected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), however, might suffer from HBV reactivation. The aim of this study was to assess HBV reactivation in HCV-coinfected inactive HBV carriers following IFN/RBV. METHODS A total(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Graft re-infection invariably occurs after liver transplantation (OLT) for chronic hepatitis C and disease progression is unpredictable. We prospectively examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) subsets and natural killer (NK) cell receptors (NKRs) in patients with recurrent hepatitis C post-OLT. METHODS PBMC were obtained at(More)
BACKGROUND Posttransplant combined lamivudine (LAM) and immunoglobulin (HBIg) prophylaxis is the gold standard in the case of single hepatitis B virus (HBV), but is still not recommended in the case of patients coinfected with hepatitis delta virus (HDV). METHODS We compared two consecutive groups of chronic HDV carriers who survived >6 months after liver(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile (CD) is a leading cause of diarrhoea among hospitalized patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate, the optimal diagnostic work-up, and outcome of CD infections (CDI) in Internal Medicine (IM) wards in Italy. METHODS PRACTICE is an observational prospective study, involving 40 IM Units and evaluating(More)
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