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The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomical distribution of microfilariae of a recently described Cercopithifilaria sp. and the relationship with the preferred attachment sites of its vector, the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Skin samples from 20 dogs were collected from eight anatomical sites and soaked twice in saline solution at(More)
Neuropathological examination of the central nervous system of 13 naturally and 13 experimentally feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected cats revealed diffuse gliosis of gray and white matter and vacuolar myelinopathy in a large proportion of infected animals, sometimes associated with lymphocytic meningitis. Multinucleated giant cell formation, the(More)
199 out of 509 foxes culled in a rabies control scheme, were shown to be infected with the metastrongylid parasite Angiostrongylus vasorum. Pathological lesions associated with angiostrongylosis in the fox are described and compared to reported lesions of A. vasorum infection in the dog. The lesions observed in the foxes seemed to be less severe and mainly(More)
Stem cells from extra-embryonic sources can be obtained by non-invasive procedures. We have standardized a method for the expansion of equine umbilical cord-derived matrix cells (EUCMCs) for potential therapy. EUCMCs were isolated from the umbilical cord of five mares immediately after delivery. For expansion, cells were grown in alpha-MEM and MSCBM.(More)
Two hundred and seventy-seven sick pet cats living in Italy were tested for antibodies to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and for feline leukemia virus (FeLV) antigen. Overall, 24% of the cats resulted positive for anti-FIV antibody and 18% for FeLV antigen. FIV was isolated from the peripheral mononuclear blood cells of ten out of 15 seropositive cats(More)
BACKGROUND Canine subcutaneous dirofilariosis caused by Dirofilaria repens is an important cause of human dirofilariosis in the Old World. OBJECTIVES To describe the clinical and pathological features of infestation by D. repens in dogs with cutaneous nodules and to discuss key diagnostic procedures. ANIMALS Sixteen privately owned dogs of different(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous tumors in dog have been demonstrated to share many features with their human counterparts, including relevant molecular targets, histological appearance, genetics, biological behavior and response to conventional treatments. Mammary tumors in dog therefore provide an attractive alternative to more classical mouse models, such as(More)
Adrenalectomy has been shown to reverse most facets of the syndrome of the genetically obese fa/fa rat. However, a detailed analysis of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in these animals is lacking. In the present study, morning corticosteronemia was higher in obese rats of both sexes than in lean ones, whereas evening corticosteronemia was(More)
Onchocerca lupi is a dog parasite of increasing zoonotic concern, with new human cases diagnosed in Turkey, Tunisia, Iran, and the United States. Information about the morphology of this nematode is scant and a detailed re-description of this species is overdue. In addition, histopathological data of potential usefulness for the identification of O. lupi(More)
BACKGROUND Rabbits provide an excellent model for many animal and human diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, for the development of new vaccines in wound healing management and in the field of tissue engineering of tendon, cartilage, bone and skin.The study presented herein aims to investigate the biological properties of bone marrow rabbit MSCs(More)