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Loss of function mutations in genes of the achaete-scute complex (ASC) or in the gene vnd of D. melanogaster result in neural hypoplasia. Two types of defects contribute to the development of the neural hypoplasic phenotype: a lower than normal proportion of neuroblasts delaminate from the neuroectoderm, and there is abundant cell death in the neural(More)
During Drosophila neural development, neuroblasts delaminate from the neuroectoderm of each hemisegment in a stereotypic orthogonal array of five rows and three columns (ventral, intermediate, and dorsal). Prevailing evidence indicates that the individual neuroblast fate is determined by the domain-specific expression of genes along the dorsoventral and(More)
The development of the central nervous system in the Drosophila embryo is initiated by the acquisition of neural potential by clusters of ectodermal cells, promoted by the activity of proneural genes. Proneural gene function is antagonized by neurogenic genes, resulting in the realization of the neural potential in a single cell per cluster. To analyse the(More)
Genes of the achaete-scute complex (ASC) participate in the formation of the central nervous system in the Drosophila embryo. Previous genetic analyses have indicated that lethal of scute (l'sc) is the most important gene of the complex in that process. We have obtained antibodies against the l'sc protein to study the expression of the gene during early(More)
The specification of cell fates, particularly in the nervous system where cell diversity is highest, is a basic problem in developmental biology. Mutational and molecular analyses in Drosophila are uncovering families of genes, many of them transcription factors, that regulate the progressive acquisition of neural traits. These comprise the initial(More)
Mutations in genes involved in essential aspects of central nervous system development in Drosophila melanogaster are expected to be lethal. Thus, when searching for neurogenic mutants attention should be focused on embryonic lethal point mutants, for many of these might affect neural development. However, this approach can be very time consuming, for the(More)
Genes within subdivision 1B of the X-chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster are known to affect the development of both the central (CNS) and the peripheral (PNS) embryonic nervous system. In this paper we describe the phenotypes of embryos hemizygous for terminal and interstitial deletions of region 1B1-1B10, and of embryos carrying different mutations in(More)
Formation of neural precursors in Drosophila is determined by proneural genes. The distinctive pattern of expression of some genes of the achaete-scute complex in the embryonic neuroectoderm has prompted the speculation that they could also function in the specification of neural precursor identity in the CNS. To test this hypothesis, we have analysed the(More)
A monoclonal antibody, mAb 44D5, has been used to identify and clone Drosophila syntaxin 1 (Dsynt1), an homologue of rat syntaxin 1. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Dsynt1 cDNA cloned is highly homologous to rat syntaxin 1A. Dsynt1 contains 291 amino acid residues and like other members of the syntaxin family is an integral membrane protein, with a(More)