Frances R Baxter

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Electrical potentials in mechanically loaded bone have been implicated as signals in the bone remodeling cycle. Recently, interest has grown in exploiting this phenomenon to develop electrically active ceramics for implantation in hard tissue which may induce improved biological responses. Both polarized hydroxyapatite (HA), whose surface charge is not(More)
This paper studies the AC conductivity and permittivity of hydroxyapatite (HA)-based ceramics from 0.1 Hz-1 MHz at temperatures from room temperature to 1000 degrees C. HA-based ceramics were prepared either as dense ceramics or in porous form with interconnected porosity and were sintered in either air or water vapour. Samples were thermally cycled to(More)
Electrically active ceramics are of interest as bone graft substitute materials. This study investigated the ferroelectric properties of hydroxyapatite-barium titanate (HABT) composites and the behaviour of osteoblast-like cells seeded on their surfaces. A piezoelectric coefficient (d(33)) of 57.8 pCN(-1) was observed in HABT discs prepared for cell(More)
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