Frances P. Ruane

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In this paper, we analyse the effects of multinational companies on wage inequality in the host country, studying the case of the Irish economy. Based on a model developed by Aghion and Howitt (1998), in which the introduction of new technologies leads to increasing demand for skilled labour and, therefore, to rising inequality, we conduct an econometric(More)
We rank economics departments in the Republic of Ireland according to the number of publications, number of citations, and successive h-index of research-active staff. We increase the discriminatory power of the h 1-index by introducing three generalizations, each of which is a rational number. The first (h 1 +) measures the excess over the actual h-index,(More)
This paper argues that multinational companies can impact positively on the survival of plants in the host country through technology spillovers. We study this effect empirically by estimating a Cox proportional hazard model on plant level data for Irish manufacturing. Our results show that, ceteris paribus, the presence of multinationals has a life(More)
Recent research has sought to explore whether exporting enterprises have superior performance characteristics relative to non-exporters, and whether such superiority is associated with performance preand/or postexporting. This paper extends existing research by examining the influence of export market destination on firm performance. It explores these(More)
This paper argues that the Irish economy is characterised by high levels of industrial concentration and weak competition. Competition rules introduced in 1991 and strengthened in 1996 have had a significant effect in many markets, but the most extremely anti-competitive markets have remained from these rules. In some instances, political lobbying has(More)
Irish policy towards foreign direct investment has evolved since the 1950s as a strategy driven primarily by the use of fiscal incentives to enhance the profitability of locating in Ireland, with grants as required to achieve a particular bargaining advantage in competing against alternative international locations. Our empirical analysis of European firms(More)
This paper formalises the choice a firm has to face when entering a foreign market via FDI as between setting up an entirely new plant (greenfield investment) or acquiring an existing indigenous firm. Our results show that in an asymmetric duopoly situation a new entrant will normally be best off by acquiring an existing indigenous low-technology firm,(More)
This paper examines the effect of the presence of multinational companies on firm survival in the host country. We postulate that MNCs can impact positively on firm survival through technology spillovers, and negatively through the crowding out of rivals. We study the nature of the effect of multinationals using a Cox proportional hazard model which we(More)
Should economies that promote themselves as export platforms for FDI be expected to experience relatively high levels of export spillovers from foreign to host-country enterprises? To investigate how export decisions of host-country enterprises are associated with the presence and export intensity of foreign-owned enterprises (FOEs) in an export-platform(More)
This paper analyses the concept of linkages and studies the development and the determinants of inter-firm linkages between electronics firms in Ireland and domestic sub-suppliers using firm level data for 1982 to 1995. We discuss the concept of inter-firm linkages and the effects of linkages. We argue that the concept of linkages developed by Hirschman(More)