Learn More
The omega-gliadins encoded on chromosome 1 of the A genome were purified from Triticum aestivum L. (2n=6 x=42, AABBDD) cv. Butte86, nullisomic 1D-tetrasomic 1A of cv. Chinese Spring (CS N1DT1A), and the diploid T. urartu (2n=2 x=14, AA ). Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography combined with sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel(More)
Tonoplast and plasma membranes (PM) were isolated from barley roots (Hordeum vulgare L. cv California Mariout 72) using sucrose step gradients. The isolation procedure yielded sufficient quantities of PM and tonoplast vesicles that were sealed and of the right orientation to measure ATP-dependent proton transport in vitro. The proteins of the endoplasmic(More)
Wheat flour is one of the world's major food ingredients, in part because of the unique end-use qualities conferred by the abundant glutamine- and proline-rich gluten proteins. Many wheat flour proteins also present dietary problems for consumers with celiac disease or wheat allergies. Despite the importance of these proteins it has been particularly(More)
Ionophore-stimulated ATPase activity and ATP-dependent quinacrine quench were enriched in parallel when microsomal vesicles were prepared from corn (Crow Single Cross Hybrid WF9-Mo17) roots and collected on a cushion of 10% dextran. Activities were highest in the apical 1.5 centimeters of the roots. Vesicles collected on the dextran cushion also contained(More)
By contrast to chloroplasts, our knowledge of amyloplasts--organelles that synthesize and store starch in heterotrophic plant tissues--is in a formative stage. While our understanding of what is considered their primary function, i.e. the biosynthesis and degradation of starch, has increased dramatically in recent years, relatively little is known about(More)
Membrane fractions enriched in endoplasmic reticulum (ER), tonoplast and Golgi membranes (TG) and plasma membranes (PM) were prepared from barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv CM 72) roots and the lipid compositions of the three fractions were analyzed and compared. Plants were grown in an aerated nutrient solution with or without 100 millimolar NaCl. Each(More)
Cell fractions enriched in endoplasmic reticulum, tonoplast, plasma membrane, and cell walls were isolated from roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv CM 72) and the effect of NaCl on polypeptide levels was examined by two-dimensional (2D) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The distribution of membranes on continuous sucrose gradients was not significantly(More)
The effects of NO(3) (-) and assay temperature on proton translocating ATPases in membranes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv California Mariout 72) roots were examined. The membranes were fractionated on continuous and discontinuous sucrose gradients and proton transport was assayed by monitoring the fluorescence of acridine orange. A peak of H(+)-ATPase at(More)
BACKGROUND The gamma gliadins are a complex group of proteins that together with other gluten proteins determine the functional properties of wheat flour. The proteins have unusually high levels of glutamine and proline and contain large regions of repetitive sequences. While most gamma gliadins are monomeric proteins containing eight conserved cysteine(More)