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BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory condition associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This is not fully explained by traditional risk factors, but direct vascular inflammation and aortic stiffening may play a role. We hypothesized that patients with RA exhibit aortic inflammation, which can be reversed with anti-tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk, which is not explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors but may be due in part to increased aortic stiffness, an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In the present study, our aim was to establish whether aortic stiffness is increased in RA and to(More)
We examined HLA-DR genotype risk in 288 patients with rheumatoid arthritis who were carefully categorized for disease severity. Five hundred ethnically-matched bone-marrow donors were controls. A hierarchy of positive allelic associations was noted with DRB1*0401 (p < 10(-38), *0404,8 (p < 10(-43), *0405 (p < 10(-8), *10 (p < 10(-3) and *0101,2 (p < 10(-2),(More)
OBJECTIVES In addition to its vasoactive effects, angiotensin II has proinflammatory properties. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce the production of angiotensin II and could therefore act as anti-inflammatory agents. Here we investigated the capacity of the ACE inhibitor quinapril to modulate inflammatory arthritis. METHODS We studied(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the CD4+ T cell responses to the human cartilage antigen glycoprotein-39 (HCgp-39) in the context of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated (DRalphabeta1*0401) and nonassociated (DRalphabeta1*0402) HLA class II molecules. METHODS Large numbers of HCgp-39-specific T cell hybridomas were generated following immunization of HLA-DR4/human(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of simvastatin and ezetimibe on inflammation, disease activity, endothelial dysfunction, and arterial stiffness in a cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Statins reduce(More)
The endothelial cell adhesion molecule, CD146, is expressed on ≈ 2% of normal circulating T cells, correlating with T cell activation, endothelial interactions and T helper type 17 (Th17) effector functions. In this study, we have characterized CD146 expression in circulating T cells from healthy controls and patients with stable, well-controlled autoimmune(More)
OBJECTIVE To look for evidence of T lymphocyte expansions in the blood and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with reactive arthritis (ReA). METHODS Paired peripheral blood and synovial samples from 10 patients with ReA were studied by dual color flow cytometry using T cell receptor (TCR) V beta specific and CD4 or CD8 specific antibodies. Two synovial CD8(More)
Despite substantial advances in our understanding of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells, a possible equivalent regulatory subset within the CD8+ T cell population has received less attention. We now describe novel human CD8+/TCR alphabeta+ T cells that have a regulatory phenotype and function. We expanded and cloned these cells using autologous LPS-activated(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the TCR beta repertoire of peripheral blood CD8 enriched (CD8+) and depleted (CD8-) T cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and controls using CDR3 length analysis (spectratyping). METHODS CD8+ and CD8- T cells were separated from 14 RA patients and 12 controls, using magnetic beads coated with anti-CD8 monoclonal antibodies.(More)