Frances C. Foong

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An endoglucanase gene, engB, from Clostridium cellulovorans, previously cloned into pUC19, has been further characterized and its product investigated. The enzyme, EngB, encoded by the gene was secreted into the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli. The enzyme was active against carboxymethylcellulose, xylan and lichenan but not Avicel (crystalline(More)
The nucleotide sequence of engD, an endo-β-1,4-glucanase gene from Clostridium cellulovorans was determined (Genbank Accession No. M37434). The COON-terminal part of the gene product, EngD, contained a Thr-Thr-Pro repeated sequence followed by a region that has homology to the exoglucanase of Cellulomonas fimi. EngD and EngB, another C. cellulovorans(More)
A Clostridium cellulovorans lambda gt11 gene bank was screened for endo-1,4-beta-glucanase [EC 3.2.1.4, EGase, Carboxy Methyl Cellulase (CMCase)] genes using a chromogenic substrate. Three genes (engA, engB, and engC) were isolated. The engB expressed the most active CMCase. The engA encoded a bifunctional enzyme that displayed endo-1,4-beta-glucanase and(More)
The cohesin-dockerin interaction, which is responsible for the formation of the cellulosome complex of cellulolytic bacteria, is a calcium-dependent, high affinity interaction. In this study, the cohesin (Cip7) and dockerin (Doc) domains of Clostridium thermocellum were fused to the cellulose-binding domain (CBD) of C. cellulovorans and the antibody-binding(More)
We have developed a fusion protein (CBD-LG) incorporating a cellulose-binding domain and an antibody binding domain, protein LG, to provide an adaptor molecule for cell separation with regenerated cellulose hollow fiber arrays. A single hollow fiber cell adhesion assay utilizing a CD34+ cell line, KG1a, was used to investigate whether ligand affinity(More)
By the use of a T7 expression system, endoglucanases-xylanases EngB and EngD from Clostridium cellulovorans were hyperexpressed and purified from Escherichia coli. The two enzymes demonstrated both endoglucanase and xylanase activities. The substrate specificities of both endoglucanases were similar except that EngD had four-times-greater p-nitrophenyl(More)
Chimeric proteins combining the catalytic N-terminal region of native EngD with its proline-threonine-threonine (PT) linker region, hydrophilic domain (HLD) and cellulose binding domain (CBD) of cellulose binding protein A (CbpA) from Clostridium cellulovorans were constructed, expressed, and analyzed. The chimeric proteins with CBD(CbpA) all demonstrated(More)
The cellulosome complex has evolved to degrade plant cell walls and, as such, combines tenacious binding to cellulose with diverse catalytic activities against amorphous and crystalline cellulose. Cellulolytic microorganisms provide an extensive selection of domains; those with affinity for cellulose, cohesins and their dockerin binding partners that define(More)
Different chimeric proteins combining the non-catalytic C-terminal putative cellulose binding domain of Clostridium cellulovorans endoglucanase-xylanase D (EngD) with its proline-threonine rich region PT-linker, PTCBD(EngD), cellulose binding domain of C. cellulovorans cellulose binding protein A, CBD(CbpA), cohesin domains Cip7, Coh6 and CipC1 from(More)
A method was developed to allow detection of the probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis LAFTI B94 in human clinical samples. A new probe, Laf94p, was developed to accomplish colony hybridization of B. lactis B94. PCR detection of B94 was also achieved using the species-specific (B. lactis) primer pair. These tests and probes allowed detection and quantification(More)