Frances B. Jamieson

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Resistance to rifampin (RIF) and rifabutin (RFB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with mutations within an 81-bp region of the rpoB gene (RIF resistance-determining region [RRDR]). Previous studies have shown that certain mutations in this region are more likely to confer high levels of RIF resistance, while others may be found in phenotypically(More)
An outbreak of Legionnaires' disease at a long-term care facility in Ontario, Canada from September to October 2005 resulted in the death of 23 residents and the illness of 112 other people. In response, molecular methods were developed to detect Legionella pneumophila in clinical lung samples and to subtype isolates from clinical and environmental samples.(More)
The epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae infections was evaluated in Ontario between 1989 and 2007 to assess the impact of the introduction of the conjugate H. influenzae serotype b (Hib) vaccine in the early 1990 s on Hib and non-Hib serotypes in both vaccinated and unvaccinated cohorts as well as the possibility of "strain replacement" with(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is reportedly increasing. A study was undertaken of the "isolation prevalence" of pulmonary NTM in Ontario, Canada between 1997 and 2003 and the frequency of pulmonary NTM "disease". METHODS In a retrospective cohort, the "isolation prevalence" was studied by reviewing all(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 96 (PA96) was isolated during a multicenter surveillance study in Guangzhou, China, in 2000. Whole-genome sequencing of this outbreak strain facilitated analysis of its IncP-2 carbapenem-resistant plasmid, pOZ176. The plasmid had a length of 500,839 bp and an average percent G+C content of 57%. Of the 618 predicted open reading(More)
Legionella species are increasingly recognized as a cause of both healthcare- and community-acquired pneumonia (so-called “Legionnaire’s disease”). These pathogens are ubiquitous in the environment, but environmental factors in the occurrence of sporadic legionellosis remain poorly understood. We analyzed all legionellosis cases identified in the Greater(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize Bordetella pertussis isolates in Ontario, Canada in order to understand the clonal diversity of strains present in this province. METHODS A total of 521 isolates from the period 1998-2006 were analyzed by serotyping, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and DNA sequencing of their virulence factors of pertactin, fimbriae 3,(More)
During the past few years, there has been an apparent increase in serious infections due to group A streptococci (GAS) worldwide. We describe our experience with severe invasive GAS infections in Ontario, Canada, during the past 5 years (February 1987 through December 1991). A case was defined as the isolation of GAS from blood or normally sterile tissue in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the cause of an outbreak of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 related to animal exposures so that further transmission could be prevented. DESIGN Description of laboratory investigations and a case control study. SETTING Agricultural pavilion at an annual fair in Ontario. POPULATION People with laboratory evidence of E coli 0157:H7(More)
A significant knowledge gap exists concerning the geographical distribution of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolation worldwide. To provide a snapshot of NTM species distribution, global partners in the NTM-Network European Trials Group (NET) framework (www.ntm-net.org), a branch of the Tuberculosis Network European Trials Group (TB-NET), provided(More)