Franca Vulinović

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Bee venom has recently been suggested to possess beneficial effects in the treatment of Parkinson disease (PD). For instance, it has been observed that bilateral acupoint stimulation of lower hind limbs with bee venom was protective in the acute 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD. In particular, a specific component of bee(More)
A three-nucleotide (GAG) deletion (ΔE) in TorsinA (TOR1A) has been identified as the most common cause of dominantly inherited early-onset torsion dystonia (DYT1). TOR1A encodes a chaperone-like AAA+-protein localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. Currently, only three additional, likely mutations have been reported in single dystonia patients. Here, we(More)
IMPORTANCE We sought to unravel the genetic cause in a consanguineous Pakistani family with a complex neurological phenotype. OBSERVATIONS Neurological and ophthalmological examination, including videotaping and fundoscopy, and genetic investigations, including homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing, were performed at the University of the Punjab and(More)
Mutations in TUBB4A have been identified to cause a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from hereditary generalized dystonia with whispering dysphonia (DYT4) to the leukodystrophy hypomyelination syndrome with atrophy of the basal ganglia and cerebellum (H-ABC). To test for the contribution of TUBB4A mutations in different ethnicities (Spanish, Italian,(More)
The polypeptide ghrelin is an endogenous ligand at the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a. To ghrelin multiple functions have been ascribed including promotion of gastrointestinal motility. Postprandial ghrelin levels have been reported to be reduced in patients suffering from Parkinson disease (PD). Experimental studies revealed neuroprotective(More)
Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive disease, caused by a lack or functional deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme, glucocerebrosidase (GCase). Recently, mutations in the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) have been associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) and GBA mutations are now considered the most important genetic vulnerability factor for PD. In this(More)
The uricosuric agent probenecid is co-administered with the dopaminergic neurotoxin MPTP to produce a chronic mouse model of Parkinson's disease. It has been proposed that probenecid serves to elevate concentrations of MPTP in the brain by reducing renal elimination of the toxin. However, this mechanism has never been formally demonstrated to date and is(More)
Mutations in the THAP1 gene encoding the transcription factor THAP1 have been shown to cause DYT6 dystonia. THAP1 contains a highly conserved THAP zinc finger at its N-terminal region which allows specific binding to its target sequences as well as a coiled-coil domain (amino acids 139–190) towards its C-terminus postulated as a protein-protein-binding(More)
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