Franca Scanabissi

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Spermatogenesis ultrastructure was studied in a simultaneous hermaphrodite population of the solitary coral Balanophyllia europaea. In this species, spermatogenesis takes place in spermatocysts located within gametogenetic mesenteries surrounded by a bilayered boundary. Spermatogonia and spermatocytes are large flagellate cells, densely packed at the(More)
A survey of the most important aspects of the reproductive biology of Lepidurus apus lubbocki Brauer, 1873 (Notostraca) is presented. Gametogenesis, germ cell distribution, and somatic tract structure of the male gonad are studied by means of TEM and SEM. The most important data emerging from our observations is the total and widespread degeneration of the(More)
Hypothesis: Inbreeding depression is manifest in lower sperm production. Organism: Freshwater crustaceans (clam shrimp – Eulimnadia texana), from the southwestern United States, which have high levels of inbreeding. Methods: Comparisons of semi-thin sections of the male gonad among selfed and outcrossed siblings from four families. Results: There was a(More)
The genetic variability of the gonochoric Leptestheria dahalacensis (Rüppel, 1837) was studied through the analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear (microsatellite loci) markers in eight Italian and two Central European populations. Mitochondrial data exhibited a low variability, as only six mitotypes were scored: five in Italy and one for both Central(More)
Vitamin A and its metabolic forms, like all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), are used with promising results in the treatment of many tumors. Two major problems in the clinical use of retinoids are that the doses needed for successful treatment are often toxic, leading to "hypervitaminosis A syndrome" and that patients often develop drug resistance. In order to(More)
Branchiopods reproductive mechanisms range from gonochorism to unisexuality, passing through androdioecy. In order to contribute to still lacking or controversial basic knowledges, we analyzed the karyotype of the main Italian taxa: the Notostracan living fossils Triops cancriformis (parthenogenetic) and Lepidurus apus lubbocki (bisexual), and the(More)
Nuclear ribosomal DNA constitutes a multigene family, with tandemly arranged units linked by an intergenic spacer (IGS), which contains initiation/termination transcription signals and usually tandemly arranged subrepeats. The structure and variability of the IGS region are analyzed here in hermaphroditic and parthenogenetic populations of the "living(More)
The living fossil Triops cancriformis comprises bisexual (either gonochoric or hermaphroditic) and unisexual populations. Genetic surveys have recently revealed a general trend of low differentiation of 12S and 16S mitochondrial genes. We, therefore, surveyed further mitochondrial (COI gene and control region) and nuclear markers (dinucleotide(More)
The LEP150 satellite DNA (satDNA) family found in Leptestheria dahalacensis (Ruppel, 1837) (Conchostraca) is a low-copy-number satellite with a canonical monomer of 150 bp. Nucleotide variation analyses suggest a 14-bp palindromic region as a possible protein binding site with constraints acting on the whole sequence but a 25-bp variable box. Besides the(More)