Franca Mannu

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In population-based studies it has been established that inherited deficiency of erythrocyte (E) glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) confers protection against severe Plasmodium falciparum (P falciparum) malaria. Impaired growth of parasites in G6PD-deficient E in vitro has been reported in some studies, but not in others. In a systematic analysis, we(More)
Experiments conducted in space in the last two decades have shown that T lymphocyte activation in vitro is remarkably reduced in microgravity. The data indicate that a failure of the expression of the interleukin-2 receptor (measured as protein secreted in the supernatant) is responsible of the loss of activity. To test such hypothesis we have studied the(More)
This report presents evidence showing that the pathogenetic process of the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis involves degradation of the target cell membrane skeleton; spectrin, the most representative protein within this structure, has been identified as the main molecular target. Degradation of the target cell spectrin is accomplished only upon(More)
Plasmodium falciparum-parasitized erythrocytes (RBCs) are progressively transformed into non-self cells, phagocytosed by human monocytes. Haemichromes, aggregated band 3 (Bd3) and membrane-bound complement fragment C3c and IgG were assayed in serum-opsonized stage-separated parasitized RBCs. All parameters progressed from control to rings to trophozoites to(More)
Nine splenectomized, hematologically well-compensated beta-thalassemia intermedia patients randomly chosen from a pool of 60 similar patients were studied. Membrane proteins solubilized with nondenaturing detergent C12E8 were gel filtered on Sepharose CL-6B (Pharmacia Fine Chemicals, Uppsala, Sweden). Fractions containing higher than 4,000-kD(More)
Phosphorylation of erythrocyte membrane proteins has been previously documented following infection and intracellular growth of the malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum in red cells. Much of this data dealt with phosphorylation of serine residues. In this study, we report detailed characterization of phosphorylation of serine and tyrosine residues of(More)
Oxidative events involving band 3 (Anion Exchanger 1) have been associated with RBC (red blood cell) removal through binding of NAbs (naturally occurring antibodies); however, the underlying mechanism has been only partially characterized. In addition to inducing direct membrane protein oxidative modification, oxidative treatment specifically triggers the(More)
BACKGROUND While G6PD deficiency is one of the major causes of acute hemolytic anemia, the membrane changes leading to red cell lysis have not been extensively studied. New findings concerning the mechanisms of G6PD deficient red cell destruction may facilitate our understanding of the large individual variations in susceptibility to pro-oxidant compounds(More)
Acute haemolysis associated with clinical episodes of high-level Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia was studied in 20 children from an holoendemic area (coastal Tanzania). The change in blood haemoglobin (Hb) concentration ranged from -46 to g/L during the 72-h observation period and was linearly related to maximum parasitaemia. Balance studies between loss(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the increased dissemination of tuberculosis among HIV infected patients, the diagnosis is difficult to establish. Traditional microbiological methods lack satisfactory sensitivity. We have developed a highly sensitive and specific nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) capable of detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA in urine specimens(More)