Franca Ietto

Learn More
The aim of the study was to identify a number of sonographic landmarks in the evaluation of the oral phase of swallowing. Forty non-dysphagic adults (average age 38 years) and 20 normal bottle-fed newborns (average age 13 days) were submitted to videorecorded sonographic examination using two types of transducers (5 and 7.5 MHz). The adults were asked to(More)
The videotape recording of the cinefluorographic images obtained with barium swallowing, proved to be very useful in studying pharyngo-esophageal motility. On the contrary, the method failed to be exhaustive in the study of the oral phase of swallowing. In 1983 Shawker et al. were the first authors to suggest the use of US to record tongue motility and the(More)
The jejunoileal length was measured on double-contrast small bowel enema radiographs, obtained from 10 patients who had been investigated for abdominal pain. Previous endoscopic and radiologic examinations had excluded lesions of the upper and lower GI tract. The length of the small bowel ranged from 230 to 370 cm, with an average length of 280 cm.
Dysphagia is more frequently observed in patients with neurologic diseases (stroke, bulbar or pseudo-bulbar syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cranial trauma). Furthermore, the presence of this pathology is obviously more frequently noted in the light of the increase in the length of the human life span. It has become evident that alternative feeding(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the range of multiple swallowing in normal subjects by ultrasonography. METHODS Twenty-two normal subjects swallowed 5 or 10 ml of tap water or a semisolid meal. RESULTS With water multiple swallows were seen in 41% of the subjects examined and was related to the volume of the bolus:18% of the cases were 5 ml and 36% were 10 ml.(More)
One of the major reference points for both prognosis and treatment of ulcerative colitis is the assessment of its extent. Plain abdominal radiographs were performed on 97 patients previously diagnosed, by means of rectoscopy and histobiopsy, as having acute ulcerative colitis. Within the following 36 hours they underwent either full colonoscopy or(More)
The value of double contrast small bowel enema via duodenal intubation using barium sulphate and methylcellulose as contrast media was assessed in 250 patients. In cases of small bowel obstruction it represented the first-line investigation after a plain abdominal film. It was performed electively in patients of painful bowel syndrome, in cases of(More)
Impaired intestinal function, negatively affecting food digestion and absorption, is called chronic intestinal failure (CIF). The clinical conditions leading to CIF are: fistulas, wide resections and severe damage to small bowel, and chronic intestinal stasis. In the etiology of CIF, the most frequent conditions are: Crohn's disease, postoperative peptic(More)
Twenty-three patients with small intestinal Crohn's disease were studied by barium-methylcellulose infusion. All patients underwent surgery within 1-24 months (average 7 months). The extent of the lesions and the small bowel length were radiologically evaluated by means of a map measurer. The same measurements were performed at surgery. Radiological and(More)
Hypopharyngeal diverticula are relatively unknown, with the exception of Zenker's diverticulum. Spot-camera and videorecording techniques were employed for the examination of 95 dysphagic and 250 asymptomatic patients. On the whole, 345 cases. 40% of diverticula were found in dysphagic patients, and 14% in asymptomatic ones. Fifty diverticula were detected(More)