Franca Casagranda

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Various in vitro studies have suggested that ErbB4 (HER4) is a receptor for the neuregulins, a family of closely related proteins implicated as regulators of neural and muscle development, and of the differentiation and oncogenic transformation of mammary epithelia. Here we demonstrate that ErbB4 is an essential in vivo regulator of both cardiac muscle(More)
We have generated and analysed null mutations in the mouse genes encoding three structurally related receptors with tyrosine kinase activity: Tyro 3, Axl, and Mer. Mice lacking any single receptor, or any combination of two receptors, are viable and fertile, but male animals that lack all three receptors produce no mature sperm, owing to the progressive(More)
Neurotrophins are a family of soluble ligands that promote the survival and differentiation of peripheral and central neurons and regulate synaptic function. The two neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-4 (NT4), bind and activate a single high-affinity receptor, TrkB. Experiments in cell culture have revealed that an(More)
The Eph-related family of receptor tyrosine kinases consists of at least 13 members, several of which display distinctive expression patterns in the developing and adult nervous system. Recently, a small family of ligands, structurally related to the B61 protein, was identified. Binding of these ligands to Eph-related receptors did not, however, elicit(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, the Met tyrosine kinase, are determinants of placenta, liver, and muscle development. Here, we show that Met function in vivo requires signaling via two carboxy-terminal tyrosines. Mutation of both residues in the mouse genome caused embryonal death, with placenta, liver, and limb muscle defects, mimicking(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to characterize personal attitudes and knowledge of a sample of Italian occupational physicians (OPhs) towards immunization practice in the case of healthcare workers (HCWs). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 90 OPhs (42.2% of males, 57.8% of females, mean age of 50.1±8.3 years old) compiled a structured questionnaire through a(More)
Snail family members regulate epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during invasion of intestinal tumours, but their role in normal intestinal homeostasis is unknown. Studies in breast and skin epithelia indicate that Snail proteins promote an undifferentiated state. Here, we demonstrate that conditional knockout of Snai1 in the intestinal epithelium(More)
The vertebrate RNA-binding proteins, Musashi-1 (Msi-1) and Musashi-2 (Msi-2) are expressed in multiple stem cell populations. A role for Musashi proteins in preventing stem cell differentiation has been suggested from genetic analysis of the Drosophila family member, dMsi, and both vertebrate Msi proteins function co-operatively to regulate neural stem cell(More)
Tob1 is a member of the BTG/TOB family of proteins with established antiproliferative function. In Danio rerio and Xenopus laevis, the Tob1 gene is expressed from the one-cell stage through to early gastrula stages, followed in later development by discrete expression in many tissues including the notochord and somites. In both mouse and human, Tob1 is(More)
Snail genes are transcriptional repressors well known to play important roles in epithelial to mesenchymal transitions during both embryogenesis and cancer metastasis. Although they are generally regarded as markers of mesenchymal cells, Snail genes have also recently been implicated in regulating stem cell populations in both Drosophila and vertebrates. In(More)