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Bone mineral density (BMD) is the most widely used predictor of fracture risk. We performed the largest meta-analysis to date on lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD-associated markers for replication in 50,933 independent subjects(More)
OBJECTIVES To define clinically relevant cutpoints for usual gait speed and to investigate their predictive value for health-related events in older persons. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. PARTICIPANTS Three thousand forty-seven well-functioning older persons (mean age 74.2). MEASUREMENTS Usual(More)
Body fat distribution, particularly centralized obesity, is associated with metabolic risk above and beyond total adiposity. We performed genome-wide association of abdominal adipose depots quantified using computed tomography (CT) to uncover novel loci for body fat distribution among participants of European ancestry. Subcutaneous and visceral fat were(More)
Individual genotypes at specific loci can result in different patterns of DNA methylation. These methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) influence methylation across extended genomic regions and may underlie direct SNP associations or gene-environment interactions. We hypothesized that the detection of meQTLs varies with ancestral population,(More)
BACKGROUND Low albumin concentrations in older persons increase the risk of poor health outcomes, including functional decline. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the association between serum albumin concentration and skeletal muscle loss (sarcopenia) in old age. DESIGN Serum albumin concentration was measured in 1882 black and white men(More)
Leptin is a peptide hormone secreted by adipocytes. It has been shown to modulate production and clearance of amyloid beta (Abeta) in rodent models. We sought to determine if serum leptin was associated with cognitive decline in the elderly. We studied 2871 well-functioning elders, aged 70-79, who were enrolled in a prospective study. Serum leptin(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence that higher levels of inflammatory markers are associated with physical decline in older persons, possibly through the catabolic effects of inflammatory markers on muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum levels of inflammatory markers and loss of muscle mass and strength in older(More)
OBJECTIVE A loss of skeletal muscle mass is frequently observed in older adults. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of type 2 diabetes on the changes in body composition, with particular interest in the skeletal muscle mass. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We examined total body composition with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry annually for 6(More)
Fatty infiltration of muscle, myosteatosis, increases with age and results in reduced muscle strength and function and increased fall risk. However, it is unknown if increased fatty infiltration of muscle predisposes to hip fracture. We measured the mean Hounsfield unit (HU) of the lean tissue within the midthigh muscle bundle (thigh muscle HU, an indicator(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in DNA methylation patterns with age frequently have been observed and implicated in the normal aging process and its associated increasing risk of disease, particularly cancer. Additionally, the offspring of older parents are at significantly increased risk of cancer, diabetes, and neurodevelopmental disorders. Only a proportion of these(More)