Françoise Viénot

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We propose an algorithm that transforms a digitized color image so as to simulate for normal observers the appearance of the image for people who have dichromatic forms of color blindness. The dichromat's color confusions are deduced from colorimetry, and the residual hues in the transformed image are derived from the reports of unilateral dichromats(More)
Primates are apparently unique amongst the mammals in possessing trichromatic colour vision. However, not all primates are trichromatic. Amongst the haplorhine (higher) primates, the catarrhines possess uniformly trichromatic colour vision, whereas most of the platyrrhine species exhibit polymorphic colour vision, with a variety of dichromatic and(More)
It is a long-standing hypothesis that primate trichromacy evolved to help fruit-eating primates find fruits amongst leaves. We measured the reflectance spectra of fruits eaten by a trichromatic primate, Alouatta seniculus, in the rainforest of French Guiana, as well as those of the leaves that form the natural background to fruits. We develop a method of(More)
Gloss is an attribute of visual appearance that originates from the geometrical distribution of the light reflected by the surface. We used the maximum likelihood difference scaling (MLDS) procedure (L.T. Maloney & J. N. Yang, 2003) to estimate gloss scales over an extended range. Observers' judgments were obtained for a series of 10 black, coated samples(More)
Among the identified risk factors of age-related macular degeneration, sunlight is known to induce cumulative damage to the retina. A photosensitive derivative of the visual pigment, N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E), may be involved in this phototoxicity. The high energy visible light between 380 nm and 500 nm (blue light) is incriminated. Our aim(More)
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are taking an increasing place in the market of domestic lighting because they produce light with low energy consumption. In the EU, by 2016, no traditional incandescent light sources will be available and LEDs may become the major domestic light sources. Due to specific spectral and energetic characteristics of white LEDs as(More)
Three normal observers made visual matches from 0.03 to 100 td on a 10 degree central field at 445, 560 and 630 nm, using two different methods: heterochromatic flicker photometry and direct comparison brightness matching. In a relative sensitivity vs illuminance plot, the brightness matches underwent smooth changes, while the flicker curve exhibited a(More)
Color-matching functions, as well as the variances and inter- and intra-individual correlations, are given for ten subjects. The dispersion found in the blue region is greater than that indicated by Stiles and Burch. The color-matching technique used is thought to be the cause. Consequences of intra-individual variability are evaluated. A comparison is made(More)
A metameric match made by an observer under established experimental conditions might not be the same as made by another, indicating that the color vision differs between the two observers. We have analyzed the variations of normal color vision using metameric surfaces. First, using a set of cone fundamentals, we modeled the matches of a theoretical(More)
In addition to rods and cones, the human retina contains melanopsin which has been identified recently in the body and dendrites of a few ganglion cells. The intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) are good candidates for controlling the tonic pupil aperture but their spectral sensitivity is close to those of rods and S-cones which are(More)