Françoise Thouron

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The virulence of the mycobacteria that cause tuberculosis depends on their ability to multiply in mammalian hosts. Disruption of the bacterial erp gene, which encodes the exported repetitive protein, impaired multiplication of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin in cultured macrophages and mice. Reintroduction of erp into the mutants(More)
Asthma may result from excessive Th-2 response in children not previously exposed to Th-1-inducing infections. We tested the hypothesis that BCG vaccination in Th-2-susceptible newborn BP2 mice blocks allergic inflammation and bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). Ten day-old BP2 mice received 10(5) CFU of BCG 1173P2 intranasally (IN), and 6, 10 or 14 weeks(More)
We previously showed that the seminatural surfactant Curosurf inhibits the in vitro synthesis of secretory type IIA phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) in alveolar macrophages (AM). These cells are the main source of sPLA(2)-IIA in a guinea pig model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Here, we investigate the effect of Curosurf on the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of type-II secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) in alveolar space and its possible role in the destruction of surfactant in three rat models of acute lung injury. Alveolar instillation of either lipopolysaccaride or live Pseudomonas aeruginosa resulted in a significant increase in lung oedema and in a(More)
Induction of type-IIA secreted phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIA) expression by bacterial components other than lipopolysaccharide has not been previously investigated. Here, we show that exposure of alveolar macrophages (AM) to Neisseria meningitidis or its lipooligosaccharide (LOS) induced sPLA2-IIA synthesis. However, N. meningitidis mutant devoid of LOS did(More)
Cell-mediated immunity plays a key role in containing the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the host. The induction of an antibody response or a mixed cell-mediated and humoral response is frequently associated with tuberculosis disease or a decrease in the ability to control M. tuberculosis load. We recently reported the induction of similar immune(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a life-threatening human bacterial pathogen responsible for pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. Meningococcal strains with reduced susceptibility to penicillin G (Pen(I)) carry a mutated penicillin-binding protein (PBP2) resulting in a modified peptidoglycan structure. Despite their antibiotic resistance, Pen(I) strains have failed(More)
Conjugation chemistry is among the most important parameters governing the efficacy of glycoconjugate vaccines. High robustness is required to ensure high yields and batch to batch reproducibility. Herein, we have established a robust bioconjugation protocol based on the thiol-maleimide addition. Major variables were determined and acceptable margins were(More)
Shigella flexneri 3a causes bacillary dysentery. Its O-antigen has the {2)-[α-d-Glcp-(1→3)]-α-l-Rhap-(1→2)-α-l-Rhap-(1→3)-[Ac→2]-α-l-Rhap-(1→3)-[Ac→6]≈40 % -β-d-GlcpNAc-(1→} ([(E)ABAc CAc D]) repeating unit, and the non-O-acetylated equivalent defines S. flexneri X. Propyl hepta-, octa-, and decasaccharides sharing the (E')A'BAc CD(E)A sequence, and their(More)
Synthetic functional mimics of the O-antigen from Shigella flexneri 2a are seen as promising vaccine components against endemic shigellosis. Herein, the influence of the polysaccharide non-stoichiometric di-O-acetylation on antigenicity is addressed for the first time. Three decasaccharides, representing relevant internal mono- and di-O-acetylation profiles(More)
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