Françoise Parnet-Mathieu

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We studied the propagation and the impact of zidovudine prevention on the human immunodeficiency virus-1 transmission rate from infected mothers to their infants in the French nationwide prospective cohort. Infection was diagnosed in the children on the basis of at least two positive human immunodeficiency virus-1 polymerase chain reaction tests, culture,(More)
PROBLEM Although the overall anti-infectious and anti-parasitic immunity of parous women appears normal, several aspects of maternal cell-mediated and humoral immunity are altered during pregnancy. This has been suggested to occur via preferential local and systemic secretion of Th-2 type cytokines, which down-regulate or prevent secretion/action of Th-1(More)
BACKGROUND The first epidemiologic evidence of GB virus type C (GBV-C)/hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection showed a high prevalence of asymptomatic carriers in blood donors and in populations at risk for blood-borne viruses. However, by using only viral RNA polymerase chain reaction, those studies underestimated the true spread of GBV-C/HGV infection. The(More)
BACKGROUND Because GB virus type C(GBV-C)/HGV (GBV-C/HGV) is blood-borne and sexually transmitted, persons at risk of infection with such viruses have a high prevalence of GBV-C/HGV markers. However, adults with no apparent risk factors, such as blood donors, frequently are positive for GBV-C/HGV markers. Mother-to-infant transmission could explain this(More)
In order to determine if viral selection occurs during mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), we used a direct solid-phase sequencing method to sequence the p17 matrix protein-encoding regions of viral isolates from 12 HIV-1-infected mother-and-child pairs, 4 infected infants, 4 transmitting mothers, and 22(More)
OBJECTIVE A case of HIV infection clearance in a perinatally infected infant has been recently reported. We report here on the molecular, biological and clinical features of such virus clearance in 12 children. DESIGN AND METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of the diagnosis in our 6-year cohort of 188 children born to HIV-seropositive mothers.(More)
OBJECTIVE It was the aim of this study to report a case of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) that was successfully treated with fetal intravascular transfusions in which the middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) detected fetal anemia. METHODS A massive FMH occurred twice in a healthy 33-year-old pregnant woman at 26 and 29 weeks of gestation(More)
1,969 non immunized rhesus negative primiparous women were followed up in 23 maternity units in the geographical region of Paris. 1,882 could be retained to study antepartum protection and 1,884 to study transplacental passage of fetal blood cells. Two groups were defined according to whether they were born in even or uneven years, so that: 955 were the(More)
Based on what is known about the biology of HIV-1 vertical transmission, the HIV burden of the mother, maternal immune factors and the integrity of the placental barrier are likely to play major roles. We therefore sought to determine whether the presence of antibodies in sera from 47 HIV-1-infected mothers, including 30 non-transmitting and 17 transmitting(More)