Françoise Paris

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Prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES)-exposed mice have raised the suspicion of a transgenerational effect in the occurrence of genital malformation in males. This nationwide cohort study in collaboration with a French association of DES-exposed women studied 529 families and showed that a significant proportion of boys born to DES daughters exhibited(More)
AIMS To compare the basal plasma reproductive hormonal profile in three groups of athletes involved in different training programs, and to define the relationship between androgen level and bone mineral density (BMD) in male athletes. METHODS Basal serum total testosterone (TT), free androgen index (FAI), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), cortisol,(More)
We previously demonstrated the interactions of different chemical compounds with estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta and the androgen receptor (AR) using different reporter cell lines. In this study, we characterize the ERalpha, ERbeta and AR activity of different biphenyls using the same tools. We provide evidence that several phenyl derivatives present(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past decades, an increasing trend in male external genital malformations such as cryptorchidism and hypospadias has led to the suspicion that environmental chemicals are detrimental to male fetal sexual development. Several environmental pollutants, including organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, bisphenol A, phthalates,(More)
In a collaborative study, we investigated four 46,XX adolescent girls with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome and hyperandrogenism. Molecular analysis of the WNT4 gene permitted us to identify a new mutation (p.A233T). Functional studies revealed partial repression of steroidogenic enzymes (normal repression of HSD3B2) contrasting with the abnormal(More)
OBJECTIVES Although hypoleptinaemia has been reported in female peripubertal athletes, data are lacking on leptin and bone mass variations in puberty and the effects of leptin on bone mineralization during this period. This study therefore investigated the variations in leptin level and bone mineral density (BMD) in young elite female rhythmic gymnasts(More)
The evaluation of estrogenic status is necessary for many physiological and pathological conditions in pediatric as well as adult endocrinology. Because current immunoassays exclusively measure E2--and with a sensitivity that is insufficient for prepubertal children--we developed a new recombinant cell bioassay for ultrasensitive determination of serum(More)
Besides the measurement of circulating conjugated metabolites of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which reflects androgenic activity, only one assay to measure androgenic bioactivity in human serum has been proposed thus far. This recombinant bioassay is based on the androgen-dependent interaction between the LBD and NT domains of AR fused to the Gal 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether NR5A1 (SF-1) variants are a cause of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in 26 young women with similar genetic background. DESIGN Genetic and functional mutation study. SETTING University hospitals. PATIENT(S) Genetic analysis of the NR5A1 gene in 26 XX girls with POI. INTERVENTION(S) None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S)(More)
CONTEXT In 46,XY disorders of sex development, 5α-reductase deficiency is rare and is not usually the first-intention diagnosis in newborn ambiguous genitalia, contrary to partial androgen insensitivity syndrome. Yet the cause of ambiguous genitalia may guide sex assignment, and rapid, precise diagnosis of 5α-reductase deficiency is essential. OBJECTIVE(More)