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Several reports have suggested that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could exert a potent immunosuppressive effect in vitro, and thus may have a therapeutic potential for T cell-dependent pathologies. We aimed to establish whether MSCs could be used to control graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hemopoietic(More)
The site and mechanism of platelet production by bone marrow megakaryocytes (MKs) has been the subject of extensive studies, but is still a matter of controversy. However, the recent discovery of the Mpl ligand (Mpl-l), also called megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) or thrombopoietin, has resulted in considerable progress in the(More)
During megakaryocyte differentiation, the promegakaryoblast (immature megakaryocyte) increases its ploidy to a 2(x) DNA content by a poorly understood process called endomitosis. This leads to the formation of a giant cell, the megakaryocyte (MK), which subsequently gives rise to platelets. In this report, we show that endomitosis of human MKs is due to(More)
The megakaryocytic (MK) and erythroid lineages are tightly associated during differentiation and are generated from a bipotent megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor (MEP). In the mouse, a primitive MEP has been demonstrated in the yolk sac. In human, it is not known whether the primitive MK and erythroid lineages are generated from a common progenitor or(More)
The late stages of megakaryocytopoiesis, consisting of the terminal processes of cytoplasmic maturation and platelet shedding, remain poorly understood. A simple liquid culture system using CD34+ cells in serum-free medium has been developed to study the regulation of platelet production in vitro. Platelets produced in vitro were enumerated by flow(More)
BACKGROUND Reverse seroconversion to hepatitis B virus (HBV), i.e., HBV reactivation in patients with pretransplant antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) and to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc), is rarely re-ported after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. METHODS To determine this risk, we studied clinical outcome and serological(More)
The subpopulation of regulatory T cells (Treg) was shown to play a key role in alloreactive responses. In allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, several groups tested whether Treg content in transplants correlates with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with controversial results. In a retrospective study of 49 consecutive HLA-matched sibling(More)
Although previous findings have suggested that some adult stem cells are pluripotent and could differentiate in an appropriate microenvironment, the fate conversion of adult stem cells is currently being debated. Here, we studied the ability of mobilized stem cells to repair cardiac tissue injury in a nonhuman primate model of acute myocardial infarction.(More)