Learn More
Objective: To assess the quality of life of intensive care survivors 6 months after discharge. Design: Multicenter prospective study. Setting: Medical-surgical intensive care units (ICUs) of four French university hospitals. Patients: Among the 589 patients admitted to the four ICUs between 1 January and 31 March 1989, 329 were investigated. Measurements(More)
The influence of patient's age on survival, level of therapy and length of stay was analyzed from data collected in 792 consecutive admissions to eight intensive care units. Mortality rate increased progressively with age; over 65 years of age, it was more than double that of patients under 45 years (36.8% versus 14.8%). However, mortality rate in patients(More)
Early graft dysfunction after liver transplantation (OLT) is often difficult to assess when only based on liver enzymes levels and bile production. High lactate level was evaluated as a marker of poor graft function. In 29 pts undergoing OLT simultaneous measurement (mes) of blood lactate levels, mVO2 (indirect calorimetry-Deltatrac", Datex), DO2(More)
Nine patients hospitalized for tetanus were studied under the same protocol which included two haemodynamic studies with a preload trial (PLT). The first being made during therapy (diazepam barbiturate association), on the sixth day of hospitalisation, and the second one after recovery. The comparison of the results shows that before PLT the mean arterial(More)
There is still controversy about the optimal method of venoarterial cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for correction of congenital heart disease in neonates and young infants. High rates of CPB-related morbidity and mortality are still reported. Since 1980, conventional CPB with double caval cannulation with right-angled cannulae has been used in the high(More)
Objective: To compare the tolerance and the cost of three replacement fluids in plasmapheresis: albumin 4 % alone, albumin 4 % + dextran 40, or albumin 4 % + hydroxyethylstarch 6 %. Design: A one center randomized, cross-over, comparative study designed to explore the tolerance and the colloid oncotic pressure in patients undergoing plasmapheresis.(More)
Seveteen infants (2 1/2 to 28 months old) were continuously monitored by six-channel electroencephalography (EEG) during the entire surgical procedure of open-heart repair. They were subjected to surface hypothermia supplemented by cold extracorporeal circulation (ECC) down to an average esophageal temperature of 21 degrees C., to cardiac arrest of 40(More)
The outcome of Fontan-type procedures is dependent on several risk factors, among which pulmonary vascular resistances (PVRs) are an important component. Preoperative calculation of PVR entails several potential sources of error, particularly in patients with pulmonary atresia or multiple sources of pulmonary blood flow. In an attempt to develop a reliable(More)
The authors have studied the diffraction pattern produced by a particle field illuminated by an elliptic and astigmatic Gaussian beam. They demonstrate that the bidimensional fractional Fourier transformation is a mathematically suitable tool to analyse the diffraction pattern generated not only by a collimated plane wave [J. Opt. Soc. Am A 19, 1537(More)
Objective. Most methods used to estimate ICU bed needs rely either on simple formulas that do not consider the actual needs of the population or on simulations that are too specific to be applicable to all hospitals. We sought to develop a universally applicable nonparametric method. Design and setting. For each day, the number of immediate patient(More)