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IL-33 (or IL-1F11) was recently identified as a ligand for the previously orphaned IL-1 family receptor T1/ST2. Previous studies have established that IL-33 and T1/ST2 exert key functions in Th2 responses. In this study, we demonstrate that IL-33 induces the production of pro-inflammatory mediators in mast cells. IL-33 dose and time-dependently stimulated(More)
Six novel members of the IL-1 family of cytokines were recently identified, primarily through the use of DNA database searches for IL-1 homologues, and were named IL-1F5 to IL-1F10. In the present study, we investigated the effect of IL-1F8 on primary human joint cells, and examined the expression of the new IL-1 family members in human and mouse joints.(More)
Leflunomide is an immunomodulatory agent used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we investigated the effect of A77 1726 - the active metabolite of leflunomide - on the production of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) by human synovial fibroblasts and articular chondrocytes. Cells were incubated with A77 1726 alone or in combination(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case-control study. OBJECTIVE To determine whether inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and IL-8] are elevated in tissues intimately surrounding involved nerve roots of patients suffering from radiculopathy form herniated disc (HD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Proinflammatory cytokines are(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN Excessive synovial fibroblast (SF) proliferation is detrimental in rheumatoid arthritis. We therefore sought to determine the effects of A77 1726, the active metabolite of leflunomide, on SF proliferation. METHODS Human SFs were used. Cell proliferation was investigated using MTS assay, by (3)H-thymidine incorporation and cell counts.(More)
INTRODUCTION Spontaneous resorption of disc herniation (DH) after sciatica is well documented. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 are enzymes potentially involved in this process. Glucocorticoid injections are commonly used for treatment, and other anti-inflammatory molecules like tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors are under clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon (IFN) beta displays anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activity and has been considered for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Information about the effects of this molecule on joint cells is scarce, however. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of IFNbeta on the production of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1Ra)(More)
Interleukin-4, which has been contemplated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and/or osteoarthritis because of its anticatabolic properties, has also been shown to modulate apoptosis. Because inadequate apoptosis is thought to contribute to synovial hyperplasia, we have investigated the ability of IL-4 and other Th2 cytokines to protect human(More)
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) inhibits the classical biological effects of interleukin (IL)-1 by preventing its binding to IL-1 receptors. There are, however, four different isoforms of IL-1Ra, of which three are intracellular (icIL-1Ra1, 2, 3). Due to their localization, icIL-1Ras cannot interact with cell surface IL-1 receptors and have been(More)
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a natural IL-1 inhibitor possessing anti-inflammatory properties. IL-1Ra is produced as different isoforms, one secreted (sIL-1Ra) and three intracellular (icIL-1Ra1, icIL-1Ra2 and icIL-1Ra3), derived from the same gene. We examined the production of IL-1Ra species by cultured human articular chondrocytes in(More)