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Sixteen overlapping fragments of the dengue-2 virus envelope (E) protein, expressed as trpE-E fusion products in Escherichia coli, were used to map the epitopes defined by a panel of 20 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) by immunoblotting. Using this technique, the amino acid sequence of six antigenic domains on the E protein was characterized. Nonneutralizing(More)
To study the capacity of human neurons to mount innate immunity responses to viral infections, we infected cells of a human postmitotic neuron-derivative cell line, NT2-N, with rabies virus (RABV) and herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1). Changes in neuronal gene expression were analyzed by use of Affymetrix microarrays. Applying a twofold cutoff, RABV increased(More)
Human neurons express the innate immune response receptor, Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). TLR3 levels are increased in pathological conditions such as brain virus infection. Here, we further investigated the production, cellular localisation, and function of neuronal TLR3 during neuronotropic rabies virus (RABV) infection in human neuronal cells. Following(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) causes the major arboviral disease of the tropics, characterized in its severe forms by signs of hemorrhage and plasma leakage. DENV encodes a nonstructural glycoprotein, NS1, that associates with intracellular membranes and the cell surface. NS1 is eventually secreted as a soluble hexamer from DENV-infected cells and circulates in the(More)
Progesterone triggers the first meiotic cell division of Xenopus oocyte and inhibits cAMP synthesis. The effect of pertussis toxin purified from Bordetella pertussis was tested on the maturation of Xenopus oocyte. The toxin did not inhibit progesterone-induced resumption of meiosis or the hormone-induced drop in cAMP level. This indicates that progesterone(More)
Nonstructural glycoprotein NS1, specified by dengue virus type 1 (Den-1), is secreted from infected green monkey kidney (Vero) cells in a major soluble form characterized by biochemical and biophysical means as a unique hexameric species. This noncovalently bound oligomer is formed by three dimeric subunits and has a molecular mass of 310 kDa and a Stokes(More)
Inflammation is an important factor in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis, and during microbial infections of the nervous system. Glial cells were thought to be the main contributor for cytokine and chemokine production and Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression in the brain. Here, we report that(More)
Inflammation is an important factor in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis, and during microbial infections of the nervous system. Glial cells were thought to be the main contributor for cytokine and chemokine production and Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression in the brain. Here, we report that(More)
Two recombinant baculoviruses were constructed by inserting via the transfer vector pAcYM1 the genes coding for the structural proteins of dengue (DEN)-2 virus downstream from the polyhedrin promoter of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. The two recombinants differed in truncation of 26 and 71 amino acids, respectively, in the(More)
Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-G and E are nonclassical human MHC class I molecules. They may promote tolerance leading to virus and tumor immune escape. We recently described that the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), a neurotropic virus inducing chronic infection and neuron latency, and rabies virus (RABV), a neuronotropic virus triggering acute neuron(More)