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Inactivation of the B1 proton pump subunit (ATP6V1B1) in intercalated cells (ICs) leads to type I distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), a disease associated with salt- and potassium-losing nephropathy. Here we show that mice deficient in ATP6V1B1 (Atp6v1b1-/- mice) displayed renal loss of NaCl, K+, and water, causing hypovolemia, hypokalemia, and polyuria.(More)
The medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) reabsorbs solute without water and concentrates NH4+ in the interstitium without a favorable pH gradient, activities which require low water and NH3 permeabilities. The contributions of different apical and basolateral membrane structures to these low permeabilities are unclear. We isolated highly purified apical(More)
Decreased urinary output (Vu ml/min) after institution of PEEP is attributed to a variety of mechanisms including decreased cardiac output and renal blood flow (RBF), activation of neurohormonal reflexes, increased catecholamines, plasma renin activity (PRA), and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) release. To evaluate these factors, seven normovolemic patients (36(More)
NH(4)(+) transport by the distal nephron and NH(4)(+) detoxification by the liver are critical for achieving regulation of acid-base balance and to avoid hyperammonemic hepatic encephalopathy, respectively. Therefore, it has been proposed that rhesus type B glycoprotein (Rhbg), a member of the Mep/Amt/Rh NH(3) channel superfamily, may be involved in some(More)
Regulation of sodium balance is a critical factor in the maintenance of euvolemia, and dysregulation of renal sodium excretion results in disorders of altered intravascular volume, such as hypertension. The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is thought to be the only mechanism for sodium transport in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) of(More)
The Na(+) concentration of the intracellular milieu is very low compared with the extracellular medium. Transport of Na(+) along this gradient is used to fuel secondary transport of many solutes, and thus plays a major role for most cell functions including the control of cell volume and resting membrane potential. Because of a continuous leak, Na(+) has to(More)
1. We have used highly purified right-side-out luminal and basolateral membrane vesicles (LMVs and BLMVs) isolated from rat medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) to study directly the possible roles of the LMV and BLMV Na(+)-H+ exchangers in the transport of NH4+. 2. Extravesicular NH4+ ((NH4+)o) inhibited outward H+ gradient-stimulated 22Na+ uptake in both(More)
The mechanism of hyponatremia associated with pneumonia has not been definitely established. Moreover, renal water excretion was never systematically investigated in cases of pneumonia without hyponatremia. We therefore studied nine consecutive patients breathing spontaneously (nasal oxygen in five), with acute infectious pneumonia and normal plasma sodium(More)
In the proximal tubule, the apical Na(+)/H(+) exchanger identified as NHE3 mediates most NaCl and NaHCO(3) absorption. The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term regulation of NHE3 during alkalosis induced by dietary NaHCO(3) loading and changes in NaCl intake. Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to a low-NaCl, high-NaCl, or NaHCO(3) diet for 6 days(More)