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Regulation of sodium balance is a critical factor in the maintenance of euvolemia, and dysregulation of renal sodium excretion results in disorders of altered intravascular volume, such as hypertension. The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is thought to be the only mechanism for sodium transport in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) of(More)
Extracellular lactic acid is a major fuel for the mammalian medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL), whereas under anoxic conditions, this nephron segment generates a large amount of lactic acid, which needs to be excreted. We therefore evaluated, at both the functional and molecular levels, the possible presence of monocarboxylate transporters in basolateral(More)
Inactivation of the B1 proton pump subunit (ATP6V1B1) in intercalated cells (ICs) leads to type I distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), a disease associated with salt- and potassium-losing nephropathy. Here we show that mice deficient in ATP6V1B1 (Atp6v1b1-/- mice) displayed renal loss of NaCl, K+, and water, causing hypovolemia, hypokalemia, and polyuria.(More)
In the proximal tubule, the apical Na(+)/H(+) exchanger identified as NHE3 mediates most NaCl and NaHCO(3) absorption. The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term regulation of NHE3 during alkalosis induced by dietary NaHCO(3) loading and changes in NaCl intake. Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to a low-NaCl, high-NaCl, or NaHCO(3) diet for 6 days(More)
Cl-/HCO-3 exchange was measured in luminal (LMV) and basolateral (BLMV) membrane vesicles purified from rat medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL). Cl-/HCO-3 exchange in BLMV and LMV was inhibited by DIDS, with respective IC50 values of 3.2 +/- 0.9 and 15.2 +/- 5.2 microM, whereas Cl- conductances were DIDS insensitive. At constant external pH, BLMV(More)
The mechanism of hyponatremia associated with pneumonia has not been definitely established. Moreover, renal water excretion was never systematically investigated in cases of pneumonia without hyponatremia. We therefore studied nine consecutive patients breathing spontaneously (nasal oxygen in five), with acute infectious pneumonia and normal plasma sodium(More)
Hemodynamic, gas exchange, and hormonal response induced by application of a 25- to 40-mmHg lower body positive pressure (LBPP), during positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP; 14 +/- 2.5 cmH2O) were studied in nine patients with acute respiratory failure. Compared with PEEP alone, LBPP increased cardiac index (CI) from 3.57 to 4.76 l X min-1 X m-2 (P less(More)
Decreased urinary output (Vu ml/min) after institution of PEEP is attributed to a variety of mechanisms including decreased cardiac output and renal blood flow (RBF), activation of neurohormonal reflexes, increased catecholamines, plasma renin activity (PRA), and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) release. To evaluate these factors, seven normovolemic patients (36(More)
The medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL) reabsorbs solute without water and concentrates NH4+ in the interstitium without a favorable pH gradient, activities which require low water and NH3 permeabilities. The contributions of different apical and basolateral membrane structures to these low permeabilities are unclear. We isolated highly purified apical(More)