Françoise Levavasseur

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The genetic hierarchy that controls myelination of peripheral nerves by Schwann cells includes the POU domain Oct-6/Scip/Tst-1and the zinc-finger Krox-20/Egr2 transcription factors. These pivotal transcription factors act to control the onset of myelination during development and tissue regeneration in adults following damage. In this report we demonstrate(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence indicates that the functional state of microglial cells differs according to the pathological conditions that trigger their activation. In particular, activated microglial cells can express sets of Kv subunits which sustain delayed rectifying potassium currents (Kdr) and modulate differently microglia proliferation and ability to(More)
To investigate the role of the neurofilament heavy (NF-H) subunit in neuronal function, we generated mice bearing a targeted disruption of the gene coding for the NF-H subunit. Surprisingly, the lack of NF-H subunits had little effect on axonal calibers and electron microscopy revealed no significant changes in the number and packing density of(More)
To investigate the role of the neurofilament heavy (NF-H) subunit in neuronal function, we generated mice bearing a targeted disruption of the gene coding for the NF-H subunit. Surprisingly, the lack of NF-H subunits had little effect on axonal calibers and electron microscopy revealed no significant changes in the number and packing density of(More)
Microglia cells are the resident macrophages of the CNS, and their activation plays a critical role in inflammatory reactions associated with many brain disorders, including ischemia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, and epilepsy. However, the changes of microglia functional properties in epilepsy have rarely been studied. Here, we used a model of(More)
Alpha-Internexin is a type IV intermediate filament protein that is expressed abundantly in neurons during development of the peripheral and central nervous systems as well as in few neurons of the adult central nervous system. It has been suggested that alpha-internexin may act as a scaffold for the formation of neuronal intermediate filaments during early(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are the major source of myelinating oligodendrocytes during development. These progenitors are highly abundant at birth and persist in the adult where they are distributed throughout the brain. The large abundance of OPCs after completion of myelination challenges their unique role as progenitors in the healthy adult(More)
Within the central nervous system, functions of the ATP-gated receptor-channel P2X4 (P2X4R) are still poorly understood, yet P2X4R activation in neurons and microglia coincides with high or pathological neuronal activities. In this study, we investigated the potential involvement of P2X4R in microglial functions in a model of kainate (KA)-induced status(More)
To examine the role of the Oct-6 gene in Schwann cell differentiation we have cloned and characterized the chicken and zebrafish homologues of the mouse Oct-6 gene. While highly homologous in the Pit1-Oct1/2-Unc86 (POU) domain, sequence similarities are limited outside this domain. Both genes are intronless and both proteins lack the amino acid repeats that(More)
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