Françoise Horand

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OBJECTIVES In this study, our aim was to test whether asparagine synthetase (ASNS) deficiency in pancreatic malignant cells can lead to sensitivity to asparagine starvation. We also investigated, in tumor-bearing mice, the efficacy of L-asparaginase entrapped in red blood cells (RBCs), a safe formulation, to induce asparagine depletion. METHODS First,(More)
Although the wide clinical experience shows that vaccines are generally safe, concern has been expressed for a causal link between vaccines and autoimmune diseases. Even though the mechanisms of autoimmunity are ill-elucidated, the role of pre-existing risk factors including genetic predisposition and environmental factors is largely accepted. The present(More)
The popliteal lymph node assay (PLNA) is being considered as a tool to predict the potential of drugs for inducing systemic autoimmune and hypersensitivity reactions. Despite the use of different technical approaches and the evaluation of over 130 compounds, the sensitivity and specificity of the PLNA are still debatable due to many false positive and(More)
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) can present several severe symptoms during their lifetime, including painful events due to vascular occlusion (VOC). Even though multiple factors are involved in VOC, hypoxia is the most important triggering factor. Inositol hexaphosphate (IHP) reduces the oxygen-haemoglobin affinity thus improving the oxygen release(More)
Enzyme replacement therapy is often hampered by the rapid clearance and degradation of the administered enzyme, limiting its efficacy and requiring frequent dosing. Encapsulation of therapeutic molecules into red blood cells (RBCs) is a clinically proven approach to improve the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of biologics and small molecule drugs. Here we(More)
Phosphoantigens are mycobacterial non-peptide antigens that might enhance the immunogenicity of current subunit candidate vaccines for tuberculosis. However, their testing requires monkeys, the only animal models suitable for gammadelta T cell responses to mycobacteria. Thus here, the immunogenicity of 6-kDa early secretory antigenic target-mycolyl(More)
BACKGROUND The development and function of the immune system was assessed in juvenile SD rats following pre- or post-natal exposure to cyclosporin. The main objective was to assess the feasibility of the methods available for the detection of adverse effects on the development of the immune system for use in the safety assessment of medicines. METHODS In(More)
The route of administration, the dose of antigen as well as the type of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) targeted are important factors to induce immune tolerance. Despite encouraging results obtained in animal models, intravenous injection of soluble antigen is unsuccessful in human clinical trials on autoimmune disease due to inefficient antigen delivery.(More)
Pompe disease is a glycogen storage disease caused by acid α-glucosidase enzyme deficiency. Currently, the unique treatment is lifelong enzyme replacement therapy ERT with frequent intravenous administration of the recombinant analog alglucosidase-α (AGA), which ultimately generates a sustained humoral response resulting in treatment discontinuation. Our(More)