Françoise Homo-Delarche

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Diabetes can be associated with cerebral dysfunction in humans and animal models of the disease. Moreover, brain anomalies and alterations of the neuroendocrine system are present in type 1 diabetes (T1D) animals, such as the spontaneous nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model and/or the pharmacological streptozotocin (STZ)-induced model. Because of the(More)
Cerebral dysfunctions, including a high incidence of depression, are common findings in human type 1 diabetes mellitus. An association between depression and defective hippocampal neurogenesis has been proposed and, in rodents, antidepressant therapy restores neuronal proliferation in the dentate gyrus. Hippocampal neurogenesis is also deficient in diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress (OS), through excessive and/or chronic reactive oxygen species (ROS), is a mediator of diabetes-related damages in various tissues including pancreatic beta-cells. Here, we have evaluated islet OS status and beta-cell response to ROS using the GK/Par rat as a model of type 2 diabetes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Localization(More)
Because few data were available on glucose homeostasis at the early prediabetic stage in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse, we investigated glycemia, insulinemia, and pancreatic insulin content under basal conditions in both sexes of 4-, 6-, and 8-week-old fed NOD mice, compared with sex- and age-matched fed C57BL/6 mice. We also investigated glucose(More)
Metabolic and vascular consequences of diabetes mellitus induce several CNS complications. The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, a well-recognized target for diabetic alterations, is a neurogenic area associated with memory and learning processes. Here, we explored the hippocampal neurogenesis and its microenvironment (astrocytes, vascularisation and(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease that results in the destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. In spite of extensive genetic and immunological studies, mainly performed in the non-obese diabetic (NOD) spontaneous mouse model, the etiology of the autoimmune attack remains unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation followed by fibrosis is a component of islet dysfunction in both rodent and human type 2 diabetes. Because islet inflammation may originate from endothelial cells, we assessed the expression of selected genes involved in endothelial cell activation in islets from a spontaneous model of type 2 diabetes, the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat. We(More)
In a previous report we demonstrated the presence of a vasotocin (AVT)-like peptide in chromaffin cells of the amphibian adrenal gland and showed that synthetic AVT is a potent stimulator of corticosterone and aldosterone secretion by frog adrenocortical cells. In the present study we evaluated the relative potency of various AVT analogs and investigated(More)
The expression of preproinsulin (ppIns), proglucagon, prosomatostatin, and propancreatic polypeptide was investigated in thymic extracts, thymic cells, and thymic cell lines from C57BL/6 mice by RT-PCR. The expression of pancreatic hormones was similar in thymic extracts taken from neonatal and 2-, 4-, and 8-week-old animals, but was decreased in(More)
Regenerating (REG) proteins are associated with islet development, β-cell damage, diabetes and pancreatitis. Particularly, REG-1 and REG-3-beta are involved in cell growth/survival and/or inflammation and the Reg1 promoter contains interleukin-6 (IL-6)-responsive elements. We showed by transcriptome analysis that islets of Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a model(More)
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