Learn More
The increased number of manned space missions has made it important to estimate the biological risks encountered by astronauts. As they are exposed to cosmic rays, especially ions with high linear energy transfer (LET), it is necessary to estimate the doses they receive. The most sensitive biological dosimetry used is based on the quantification of(More)
Telomerase represents a relevant target for cancer therapy. Molecules able to stabilize the G-quadruplex (G4), a structure adopted by the 3'-overhang of telomeres, are thought to inhibit telomerase by blocking its access to telomeres. We investigated the cellular effects of four new 2,6-pyridine-dicarboxamide derivatives displaying strong selectivity for G4(More)
A prospective study of structural rearrangements occurring in normal lymphocytes was carried out. For each of two newborns and four young and two old adults, about 1000 metaphases from 72-h and 120 from 48-h cultures were studied. The frequency of rearrangements between bands 7p14, 7q35, 14q11.2 or 14q12 and 14qter, which is on the average about 0.003, is(More)
The activity of superoxide dismutases (SOD) 1 and 2 was analysed in correlation with mRNA and chromosome content in 6 SV40-transformed (TF) and in non-transformed (NF) human fibroblast cell lines. Total SOD activity was fairly constant, whereas the ratio SOD2/SOD1 was much lower in TF than in NF. The decrease in SOD2 activity was correlated with a low mRNA(More)
The G-overhangs of telomeres are thought to adopt particular conformations, such as T-loops or G-quadruplexes. It has been suggested that G-quadruplex structures could be stabilized by specific ligands in a new approach to cancer treatment consisting in inhibition of telomerase, an enzyme involved in telomere maintenance and cell immortality. Although the(More)
The activity of catalase, a key enzyme in cell detoxication of oxygen derivatives, was studied in SV40 transformed human fibroblasts. A cytogenetic study was performed in parallel to establish a quantification of 11p arm on which the corresponding gene is mapped. mRNA amounts were determined by Northern blotting. At early passages, catalase activity(More)
Chromosomal lesions, mitotic index and cell cycle progression delay induced by neutron (protons 34 MeV on beryllium) and neon (250 MeV/i) particles are studied in human lymphocytes. The cell cycle progression is slightly decreased at a dose of 1 Gy. Mitotic indexes are significantly decreased after irradiation by the different particles, except neon in 52-h(More)
Cancer stem cells are increasingly recognized as major therapeutic targets. We report here the isolation of glioma stem cells (GSCs) maintaining telomere length through a telomerase-independent mechanism known as alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALTs). TG20 cells were isolated from a glioblastoma multiforme, which had the ALT phenotype. They have no(More)
Telomeres are known to prevent chromosome ends from being recognized as DNA double-strand breaks. Conversely, many DNA damage response proteins, including ATM, are thought to participate to telomere maintenance. However, the precise roles of ATM at telomeres remain unclear due to its multiple functions in cell checkpoints and apoptosis. To gain more(More)
Functional telomeres are protected from non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair pathways. Replication is a critical period for telomeres because of the requirement for reconstitution of functional protected telomere conformations, a process that involves DNA repair proteins. Using knockdown of DNA-PKcs and Rad51(More)