Learn More
Data on aneuploidy from a prospective study on a large number of lymphocyte metaphases (over 1000 in 72-h and 100 in 48-h cultures) per individual from eight healthy donors of various ages are reported. Chromosome losses were dependent on culture time, being significantly more frequent in 72-h than in 48-h cultures. All donors exhibited various degrees of(More)
A prospective study of structural rearrangements occurring in normal lymphocytes was carried out. For each of two newborns and four young and two old adults, about 1000 metaphases from 72-h and 120 from 48-h cultures were studied. The frequency of rearrangements between bands 7p14, 7q35, 14q11.2 or 14q12 and 14qter, which is on the average about 0.003, is(More)
The increased number of manned space missions has made it important to estimate the biological risks encountered by astronauts. As they are exposed to cosmic rays, especially ions with high linear energy transfer (LET), it is necessary to estimate the doses they receive. The most sensitive biological dosimetry used is based on the quantification of(More)
Telomerase represents a relevant target for cancer therapy. Molecules able to stabilize the G-quadruplex (G4), a structure adopted by the 3'-overhang of telomeres, are thought to inhibit telomerase by blocking its access to telomeres. We investigated the cellular effects of four new 2,6-pyridine-dicarboxamide derivatives displaying strong selectivity for G4(More)
Chromosome breaks and chromatid-type lesions from a prospective study of more than 1000 lymphocyte karyotypes from each of six controls were analysed. These lesions were more frequent in older (75 years old on average) than in younger (29 years old on average) controls, especially after 72h cultures. All controls were found to be carriers of fragile sites.(More)
Cancer stem cells are increasingly recognized as major therapeutic targets. We report here the isolation of glioma stem cells (GSCs) maintaining telomere length through a telomerase-independent mechanism known as alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALTs). TG20 cells were isolated from a glioblastoma multiforme, which had the ALT phenotype. They have no(More)
The analysis of a sample of 100 isoacentric (IA) and isocentric (IC) chromosomes, which had originated from spontaneous or radiation-induced deletions in human lymphocytes, is reported. IC and also IA have a strong tendency to be formed after breakage in juxtacentromeric heterochromatin. When euchromatic regions are involved, the breaks are not distributed(More)
The activity of superoxide dismutases (SOD) 1 and 2 was analysed in correlation with mRNA and chromosome content in 6 SV40-transformed (TF) and in non-transformed (NF) human fibroblast cell lines. Total SOD activity was fairly constant, whereas the ratio SOD2/SOD1 was much lower in TF than in NF. The decrease in SOD2 activity was correlated with a low mRNA(More)
A comparative study of chromosomal rearrangements occurring in 4 independent clones obtained from SV40-transformed cornea and skin human fibroblasts was performed. Rearrangements principally affect some constitutive heterochromatin and, to a lesser degree, telomeric regions. This results in multiple exchanges between a limited number of chromosome(More)
The effect of low-dose (0-0.5 Gy) gamma-radiations was studied on R-banded chromosomes from lymphocytes of healthy donors of various ages. In cells from newborns, an increase of chromosome damage roughly proportional to the dose was found. In lymphocytes from young adults chromosomal aberrations were not detected at doses of 0.05 and 0.1 Gy, and in(More)