Françoise Gros

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The adaptation to hypoxia and hypercapnia requires the activation of several anatomical structures along the neuraxis. In this study, using Fos immunoreactivity, we sought to map neuronal populations involved in chemoreflex networks activated during the responses to moderate hypoxia (O(2) 11%), and hypercapnia (CO(2) 5%) in the brainstem and the(More)
A large kindred with adult-type X-linked Alport syndrome was studied with regard to a defect in the recently described COL4A5 collagen gene. Southern blot analysis with COL4A5 cDNA probes showed loss of a MspI restriction site. Direct sequencing of cDNA amplified from lymphoblast mRNA demonstrated a single-base substitution converting a glycine codon to(More)
Sneeze is one of the most important protective reflex of the respiratory tract. It is elicited from trigeminal peripheral fields and results in major changes in the discharge patterns of the medullary respiratory-related neurons. The pattern of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity evoked by sneezing was explored as a structural approach to the networks involved in(More)
The kidney distribution of angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) was studied in 14 fetuses (11 to 30 weeks old) and 7 children (2 days to 13 years old) by immunohistochemistry using specific antibodies to human kidney ACE. Immunohistochemical techniques included indirect immunofluorescence on cryostat sections of frozen tissue, immunoperoxidase and(More)
We have recently used Fos expression in adult rats to map neuronal populations activated in the brainstem and hypothalamus during the acute ventilatory response to moderate hypoxia (O(2) 11%). Although present at birth, this response evolves postnatally. The present investigation aimed at a better understanding of these maturational processes by delineating(More)
The overall pattern of c-fos immunoreactivity was studied in the brainstem and spinal cord of cats subjected to moderate hypoxia or hypercapnia. In control cats (normoxic, normocapnic), c-fos was expressed mainly in pontine and periaqueductal grey but not in brainstem structures engaged in respiratory control nor in the spinal cord. Both hypoxia and(More)
The type IV collagen alpha 5 chain (COL4A5) gene of 88 unrelated male patients with X-linked Alport syndrome was tested for major gene rearrangements by Southern blot analysis, using COL4A5 cDNA probes. 14 different deletions were detected, providing a 16% deletion rate in the COL4A5 gene in the patient population. The deletions are dispersed all over the(More)
Familial juvenile nephronophthisis (NPH) is a chronic autosomal recessive kidney disease responsible for 15% of end stage renal failure in children. NPH is frequently (16% of cases) associated with Leber amaurosis (termed Senior-Løken syndrome, SLS). Linkage analyses, performed in 22 multiplex NPH families (18 without and 4 with ocular abnormalities), have(More)
Alport syndrome (AS) is an hereditary glomerulonephritis that is mainly inherited as a dominant X-linked trait. Structural abnormalities in the type IV collagen alpha 5 chain gene (COL4A5), which maps to Xq22, have recently been detected in several patients with AS. The association of AS with diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis (DL) has been reported in 24(More)
Brugada syndrome is a rare cardiac arrhythmia disorder, causally related to SCN5A mutations in around 20% of cases. Through a genome-wide association study of 312 individuals with Brugada syndrome and 1,115 controls, we detected 2 significant association signals at the SCN10A locus (rs10428132) and near the HEY2 gene (rs9388451). Independent replication(More)