Françoise Goirand

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In contrast to the masses of data on obesity, few data are available concerning the cardiometabolic and oxidative consequences of moderate overweight. The model of postnatal overfeeding (OF) induces an increase in body weight at weaning that remains during adult life. Litters of Wistar rats were either maintained at 12 pups (normal-fed group, NF), or(More)
Vasodilatation is a vital mechanism of systemic blood flow regulation that occurs during periods of increased energy demand. The AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine/threonine kinase that is activated by conditions that increase the AMP-to-ATP ratio, such as exercise and metabolic stress. We hypothesized that AMPK could trigger vasodilatation and(More)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors improve endothelial function and exert antiproliferative effects on vascular smooth muscle cells of systemic vessels. This study was aimed to assess the protective effects of pravastatin (an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor) against monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. Pravastatin (PS, 10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle were(More)
This study investigated the influence of NO, potassium (K+) channel blockade, and the phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDEIs) theophylline (non-selective PDEI), siguazodan (PDE3I), rolipram (PDE4I), and zaprinast (PDE5I) on rat isolated main pulmonary artery hypoxic (95% N2 and 5% CO2) vasoconstriction. Hypoxic vasoconstriction increased by 27% (p < 0.01) in(More)
We aimed to investigate the role of K(+) channels and nitric oxide (NO) on the relaxant effects of arachidonic acid in the human intralobar pulmonary arteries. Arachidonic acid produced a concentration-dependent relaxation (E(max)=93+/-3% of maximal relaxation induced by papaverine 0.1 mM;-log EC(30)=7.03+/-0.09) that was antagonized by the cyclooxygenase(More)
We compared the apoptotic mechanism involved in U937 human monocytic cell line in presence of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) obtained after treatment with hypochlorous acid (HOCl) or copper (Cu). Both types of oxLDL induced U937 apoptotic cell death via the mitochondrial pathway. In contrast to HOCl-oxLDL, Cu-oxLDL induced apoptosis via a(More)
Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, so called statins, improve endothelial function and exert antiproliferative effects on vascular smooth muscle cells of systemic vessels. This study aimed at comparing the protective effects of two statins, pravastatin and atorvastatin, against monocrotaline (MC)-induced pulmonary hypertension(More)
OBJECTIVE Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous modulator of endothelial function and oxidative stress, and increased levels of this molecule have been reported in some metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this work was to analyze the time course of dimethylarginine compounds and oxidative stress levels and the(More)
The present study aimed to assess the effects of a COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, atorvastatin, and the association of both on monocrotaline (MC)-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. Celecoxib (Cib, 25 mg kg−1 day−1), atorvastatin (AS, 10 mg kg−1 day−1) or vehicle, were given orally, separately or in combination, for 26 days(More)
1. The aims of this study were to compare, in the rat isolated perfused lung preparation, the antagonist effects of a nonselective beta-adrenoceptor agonist (isoprenaline), a selective beta2-adrenoceptor agonist (salbutamol) and a selective beta3-adrenoceptor agonist (SR 59104A) on the hypoxic pulmonary pressure response, and to investigate the role of K+(More)