Françoise Dubois-Arber

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The aim of this study was to identify predictors of intentional use of the HIV risk reduction practices of serosorting, strategic positioning, and withdrawal before ejaculation during unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with casual partners. A cross-sectional survey pertaining to the Swiss HIV behavioral surveillance system, using an anonymous(More)
Bold claims of a ‘paradigm shift’ at the recentWorld AIDS Conference signal a striking remedicalization of our approach to the HIV epidemic and a return to the early 1980s view of the epidemic as a medical problem best addressed by purely technical, biomedical solutions whose management should be left to biomedical professionals and scientists [1]. This is(More)
The occurrence of AIDS led in every Western European country to exceptional innovations in prevention, patient care, health policy and questions of civil rights. This exception can be explained above all by the fact that not only was a health catastrophe feared but also civilizational harm in the field of civil rights. Despite national differences, this(More)
This paper describes behavioural surveillance for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Europe, focusing on the methods and indicators used. In August 2008, questionnaires were sent to European Union Member States and European Free Trade Association countries seeking information on behavioural surveillance(More)
As a part of the HIV behavioural surveillance system in Switzerland, repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 1993, 1994, 1996, 2000 and 2006 among attenders of all low threshold facilities (LTFs) with needle exchange programmes and/or supervised drug consumption rooms for injection or inhalation in Switzerland. Data were collected in each LTF(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the ways of managing HIV risk within male homosexual steady relationships (gay couples), including factors associated with consistent condom use during anal sex with the steady partner. METHOD An anonymous and standardized questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of homosexuals in Switzerland in 1997 (n = 1097). Information on(More)
BACKGROUND Used in conjunction with biological surveillance, behavioural surveillance provides data allowing for a more precise definition of HIV/STI prevention strategies. In 2008, mapping of behavioural surveillance in EU/EFTA countries was performed on behalf of the European Centre for Disease prevention and Control. METHOD Nine questionnaires were(More)
Thirty-seven patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were interviewed in depth in preparation for a quantitative study of patients' perceptions of their treatment. Patients described three types of difficulty with treatment: conflict between treatment recommendations and daily life, side effects (immediate and long term) and fear that treatment would(More)
OBJECTIVE Methylphenidate is prescribed for children and adolescents to treat ADHD. As in many Western countries, the increase in methylphenidate consumption is a public concern in Switzerland. The article discusses the authors' assessment of prescription prevalence in 2002 and 2005 for school-aged children in the canton of Vaud. METHOD Pharmacy(More)
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY/PRINCIPLES Little is known concerning patients' expectations regarding sexual history taking by doctors: to ascertain expectations and actual experience of talking about sexuality among male patients attending outpatient clinics, and their sexual behaviour. METHODS Patients consecutively recruited from two outpatient clinics in(More)