Françoise Descôtes

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The prognostic value of cathepsin D has been recently recognized, but as many quantitative tumor markers, its clinical use remains unclear partly because of methodological issues in defining cut-off values. Guidelines have been proposed for analyzing quantitative prognostic factors, underlining the need for keeping data continuous, instead of categorizing(More)
BACKGROUND Bone metastases are highly frequent complications of breast cancers. Current bone metastasis treatments using powerful anti-resorptive agents are only palliative indicating that factors independent of bone resorption control bone metastasis progression. Autotaxin (ATX/NPP2) is a secreted protein with both oncogenic and pro-metastatic properties.(More)
The lack of a standardized methodology for quantifying DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction (SPF) by flow cytometry is hindering routine use of these markers in breast cancer management. In a retrospective clinical multicenter study, we validated a standardized flow cytometry protocol. We tested 633 frozen T(1)T(2), N(0)N(1), M(0) breast tumors obtained in four(More)
Bone metastasis is a complication occurring in up to 70% of advanced breast cancer patients. The estrogen receptor-related receptor alpha (ERRα) has been implicated in breast cancer and bone development, prompting us to examine whether ERRα may function in promoting the osteolytic growth of breast cancer cells in bone. In a mouse xenograft model of(More)
Novel prognostic biomarkers are imperatively needed to help direct treatment decisions by typing subgroups of node-negative breast cancer patients. Large screening of different biological compartments, such as the proteome, by means of high throughput techniques may greatly help scientists to find such markers. The present retrospective multicentric study(More)
Among the methodological approaches of tumor proliferation, thymidine kinase (TK) and thymidylate synthase (TS) assays take into account the specific pathways of pyrimidine synthesis. Studies pointing to a prognostic value of TK and TS in breast cancer involved small numbers of patients. We investigated the prognostic value of these enzymes and their(More)
In 199 breast cancers, HER-2/neu amplification was analyzed by Southern blotting (149 cases) and by slot blotting (149 cases), with 99 cases studied using both techniques. There were 18.8% amplified tumors (> or = 2 copies) by Southern blotting and 15.4% by slot blotting. The difference in the percentages of amplified tumors was not statistically(More)
Metastasis is the main cause of death for cancer patients. Targeting factors that control metastasis formation is a major challenge for clinicians. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid involved in cancer. LPA activates at least six independent G protein-coupled receptors (LPA1-6). Tumor cells frequently co-express multiple LPA receptors,(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluates the relation of the early oestrogen-regulated gene gabarapl1 to cellular growth and its prognostic significance in breast adenocarcinoma. METHODS First, the relation between GABARAPL1 expression and MCF-7 growth rate was analysed. Thereafter, by performing macroarray and reverse transcriptase quantitative-polymerase chain(More)
The gene quiescin/sulfhydryl oxidase 1, QSOX1, encodes an enzyme directed to the secretory pathway and excreted into the extracellular space. QSOX1 participates in the folding and stability of proteins and thus could regulate the biological activity of its substrates in the secretory pathway and/or outside the cell. The involvement of QSOX1 in oncogenesis(More)