Françoise Degoul

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A genetic dimorphism encodes for either alanine (Ala) or valine (Val) in the mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) of human manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and has been reported to modulate the risk of some cancers, neurodegenerative diseases and severe alcoholic liver disease. Although functional consequences of this dimorphism on MnSOD activity(More)
A genetic dimorphism incorporates either alanine (Ala) or valine (Val) in the mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). The Ala-MTS confers a 40% higher MnSOD activity than the Val-MTS after import into isolated mitochondria in vitro. The present study aimed to characterize functional consequences in whole cells. HuH7(More)
In a search for new antineoplastic agents the lead compound N-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-N′-(2-chloroethyl)urea (CEU-22) of a series of 1-aryl-3-(2-chloroethyl)ureas and its iodinated bioisostere CEU-98, were previously selected on the basis of their cytotoxicity and the potent tropism for the intestinal tract (evidenced for CEU-22). In this study, we(More)
To identify proteins involved in melanoma metastasis mechanisms, comparative proteomic studies were undertaken on B16F10 and B16Bl6 melanoma cell lines and their subsequent syngenic primary tumours as pulmonary metastases were present only in the mice bearing a B16Bl6 tumour. 2DE analyses followed by MALDI-TOF identification showed variations of 6 proteins(More)
Metastatic melanoma is one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer and has a poor prognosis. We have previously identified Annexin A1 (ANXA1) as a potential murine melanoma-spreading factor that may modulate cell invasion by binding to formyl peptide receptors (FPRs). Here, we report that (1) in a B16Bl6 spontaneous metastasis model, a siRNA-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Melanin-targeting radiotracers are interesting tools for imaging and treatment of pigmented melanoma metastases. However, variation of the pigment concentration may alter the efficiency of such targeting. OBJECTIVES A clear assessment of both tumor melanin status and dosimetry are therefore prerequisites for internal radiotherapy of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Phenyl-chloroethyl ureas (CEUs) are a class of anticancer drugs that mainly react with proteins. Two molecules of this family, cyclohexylphenyl-chloroethyl urea (CCEU) and iodophenyl-chloroethyl urea (ICEU) induced G(1)/S and G(2)/M cell cycle blocks, respectively. We hypothesised that these observations were linked to a differential(More)
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a Ca(2+)-regulated phospholipid-binding protein involved in various cell processes. ANXA1 was initially widely studied in inflammation resolution, but its overexpression was later reported in a large number of cancers. Further in-depth investigations have revealed that this protein could have many roles in cancer progression and act at(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A genetic dimorphism encodes for either alanine (Ala) or valine (Val) in the mitochondrial targeting sequence of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), and modulates its mitochondrial import. However, the role of this dimorphism in the susceptibility of alcoholic patients to develop cirrhosis is controversial, and its influence on the(More)
We have shown that beta-tubulin was alkylated by a microtubule disrupter, N-4-iodophenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl)urea (ICEU), on a glutamic acid residue at position 198 and not on the previously proposed reactive cysteine 239. ICEU belongs to the 4-substituted-phenyl-N'-(2-chloroethyl) urea class that alkylates mainly cellular proteins. Previous studies have(More)